I am learning C and I have some trouble with pointers. I decided to create a queue to practice a bit. The program works as intended, however I want to know some good practices and suggestions.

Here is queue.c:

#include <stdlib.h>
#include "bank_sim.h" 
#include "queue.h"

void initiliaze(Queue *queue) {
        queue->head = NULL;
        queue->tail = NULL;

void enqueue(Queue *queue, Customer *customer) {
        if (queue->head == NULL) {
                queue->head = customer;
                queue->tail = customer;
        } else {
                queue->tail->next = customer;
                queue->tail = customer;

Customer *dequeue(Queue *queue) {
        if (queue->head == NULL) {
                return NULL;
        } else {
                Customer *head_customer = queue->head;
                queue->head = queue->head->next;
                head_customer->next = NULL;
                return head_customer;


#ifndef QUEUE_H
#define QUEUE_H
#include "bank_sim.h"

typedef struct {
        Customer *head;
        Customer *tail;
        int customer_cnt;
} Queue;

void initiliaze(Queue *queue);
void enqueue(Queue *queue, Customer *customer);
Customer *dequeue(Queue *queue);

# endif

Finally bank_sim.h:

#ifndef BANK_SIM_H
#define BANK_SIM_H

typedef struct Customer Customer;

struct Customer {
        int id;
        int service_time;
        struct Customer *next;

typedef struct {
        Customer *customer;
        int occupied;
} Bank_Teller;


Comments regarding anything is welcome including whether my structure for Customer and Queue can be improved.


1 Answer 1


One major thing: Queue consists of node which consist of data. Here, your data is Customer. Data should not be coupled with the Queue i.e. think this way.

   typedef struct Node{
         Node* next; // navigation pointer.
         Customer customer; // data

Considering the current implementation, here are a few points to go with:

  1. Initialize misses to initialize customer_cnt = 0;.

  2. Where are you allocating the Queue instance. Instead, have getQueueNode which allocates memory for the node and initialise that as well. Allocation at one place helps for e.g: easy debugging when malloc returns null due to insufficient memory.

  3. Extract common code outside the if-else block in enqueue().

  4. Put related code at once i.e. in dequeue operations for head_customer could be consecutive.


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