# Adjoin-set for an ordered set representation

From SICP:

Exercise 2.61

Give an implementation of adjoin-set using the ordered representation. By analogy with element-of-set? show how to take advantage of the ordering to produce a procedure that requires on the average about half as many steps as with the unordered representation.

(define (adjoin-set x set)
(define (rec subset)
(cond ((null? subset) (list x))
((> x (car subset)) (cons (car subset) (rec (cdr subset))))
(else (cons x subset))))
(if (element-of-set? x set)
set
(rec set)))


Can this be improved?

Calling element-of-set? from adjoin-set introduces unnecessary redundancy. One may incorporate this test within the adjoin-set function (in your case, rec should be the main body of your function, with an = test added):
(define (adjoin-set x set)

This function performs fewer steps since it does not call element-of-set?. However, its complexity is still O(n), which is the same as your implementation's complexity, as well as the complexity of element-of-set?.