i was trying to solve this problem. as it mentions:

In the popular spreadsheets systems (for example, in Excel) the following numeration of columns is used. The first column has number A, the second — number B, etc. till column 26 that is marked by Z. Then there are two-letter numbers: column 27 has number AA, 28 — AB, column 52 is marked by AZ. After ZZ there follow three-letter numbers, etc.

The rows are marked by integer numbers starting with 1. The cell name is the concatenation of the column and the row numbers. For example, BC23 is the name for the cell that is in column 55, row 23.

Sometimes another numeration system is used: RXCY, where X and Y are integer numbers, showing the column and the row numbers respectfully. For instance, R23C55 is the cell from the previous example.

Your task is to write a program that reads the given sequence of cell coordinates and produce each item written according to the rules of another numeration system.

the exercise is to write c++ program by using standard input/output. and allow the user to pass entries and convert those value to its corresponding values

Input

The first line of the input contains integer number n (1 ≤ n ≤ 105), the number of coordinates in the test. Then there follow n lines, each of them contains coordinates. All the coordinates are correct, there are no cells with the column and/or the row numbers larger than 106 .

Output

Write n lines, each line should contain a cell coordinates in the other numeration system.

Example:

Input:
2
R23C55
BC23

Output:
BC23
R23C55


Here my attempt solution, it works as expected, i have slightly change the input to make it interactive. All inputs are guaranteed to be valid and correct as well as the result.

How can I improve it further.

#include <iostream>
#include <string>
#include <regex>
#include <cctype>
#include <limits>
#include <sstream>
#include <cassert>
#include <type_traits>

// C::B : error: 'stoi' is not a member of 'std'!
int string_to_int(std::string::const_iterator first, std::string::const_iterator last)
{
int value = 0;
if(first == last) return value;

const typename std::string::value_type sign = *first;
if (*first == '-' || *first == '+')
first++;

while (first != last)
{
value = value * 10 - (*first++ - '0');
}

if (sign != '-')
value = -value;

return value;
}

int is_RC_type(const std::string& in)
{
const auto index = in.find_first_of("C");
if (index == std::string::npos) return false;

const auto row = in.substr(1, index - 1);
const auto col = in.substr(index + 1);

static const int Min = 1;
static const int Max = 999999;

const auto colVal = string_to_int(col.cbegin(), col.cend());
const auto rowval = string_to_int(row.cbegin(), row.cend());

return col[0] != '0'
&& row[0] != '0'
&& rowval >= Min
&& rowval <= Max
&& colVal >= Min
&& colVal <= Max
&& std::all_of(row.cbegin(), row.cend(),
[](char c)
{
return std::isdigit(c);
})
&& std::all_of(col.cbegin(), col.cend(),
[](char c)
{
return std::isdigit(c);
});
}

bool is_Cell_type(const std::string& in)
{
const auto index = in.find_first_of("0123456789");
if (index == std::string::npos) return false;

const auto row = in.substr(0, index);
const auto col = in.substr(index);

static const int Min = 1;
static const int Max = 999999;

static const std::string alphaMin{"A"};
static const std::string alphaMax{"BDWGM"};
static const auto AMin = string_to_int(alphaMin.cbegin(), alphaMin.cend());
static const auto AMax = string_to_int(alphaMax.cbegin(), alphaMax.cend());

const auto colVal = string_to_int(col.cbegin(), col.cend());
const auto rowval = string_to_int(row.cbegin(), row.cend());

return  col[0] != '0'
&& colVal >= Min
&& colVal <= Max
&& rowval >= AMin
&& rowval <= AMax
&& std::all_of(col.cbegin(), col.cend(),
[](char c)
{
return std::isdigit(c);
})
&& std::all_of(row.cbegin(), row.cend(),
[](char c)
{
return std::isalpha(c);
});
}

template <bool B, typename T, typename F>
std::enable_if_t<std::integral_constant<bool, B>::value, T>
conditional(T&& t, F&&)
{
return std::forward<T>(t);
}

template <bool B, typename T, typename F>
std::enable_if_t<!std::integral_constant<bool, B>::value, F>
conditional(T&&, F&& f)
{
return std::forward<F>(f);
}

template <typename Input, typename Prompt>
{
static_assert((std::is_integral<Input>::value && !std::numeric_limits<Input>::is_signed)
|| std::is_same<std::decay_t<Input>, std::string>::value, "type not supported!\n");

Input input{};
bool is_not_valid = false;

static const std::string Error = "Not valid input.\n";
static const std::regex Letters("^[A-Z0-9]+$"); static const std::regex Numbers("^[0-9]+$");

static auto int_input = [] (auto& in, std::istream& is = std::cin)
{
std::string s;
std::getline(is, s);
std::stringstream stream(s);
return  is.fail()
|| !std::regex_match(stream.str(), Numbers)
|| !(stream >> in)
|| (1 < in && in > 100000);
};

static auto string_input = [] (auto& in, std::istream& is = std::cin)
{
std::getline(is, in);
return  is.fail()
|| !std::regex_match(in, Letters)
|| in.size() == 1
|| std::isdigit(in[0])
|| std::isalpha(in[in.size() - 1])
|| !(is_Cell_type(in) != is_RC_type(in));
};

const auto handle_input = conditional<std::is_integral<Input>::value>(int_input, string_input);

do
{
std::cout << std::forward<Prompt>(prompt) << std::flush;

is_not_valid = handle_input(input);

if (is_not_valid)
{
std::cout << Error;
}

std::cin.clear();
std::cin.ignore(std::cin.rdbuf()->in_avail());
} while (is_not_valid);

return input;
}

int main()
{
auto n = read_input<unsigned int>("Enter a number of entries: ");

std::cout << "\n\n\tWelcome\n\n";

do
{

if (is_RC_type(word))
{
const auto index = word.find_first_of("C");
assert(index != std::string::npos);
const auto row = word.substr(1, index - 1);
const auto col = word.substr(index + 1);

auto c = string_to_int(col.cbegin(), col.cend());
std::string result;

do

result =  static_cast<char>('A' + c % 26 - 1) + result;
while (c /= 26);

std::cout << "\n\nResult: " << result << row << "\n\n";
}
else
{
const auto index = word.find_first_of("0123456789");
assert(index != std::string::npos);
const auto row = word.substr(index);
const auto col = word.substr(0, index);
int c = 0;
for (const auto& ch : col)
{
c = 26 * c + (ch - 'A' + 1);
}

std::cout << "\n\nResult: R" << row << "C" << c << "\n\n";
}
} while (--n);
}


## last iterator could be const

I am personaly using const whenever possible.

int string_to_int(std::string::const_iterator first, const std::string::const_iterator last)


## unnecessary typename

You might skip the typename from

const typename std::string::value_type sign = *first;


or since std::string is std::basic_string<char> you might just use char

const char sign = *first;


## using regex

Have you considered using std::regex_match for is_RC_type() and is_Cell_type() implementation?

I guess regexes of interest might look like this

std::regex cell("[A-Z]+[0-9]+");
std::regex rc("R[0-9]+C[0-9]+");


## single responsibility principle

Using template read_input() for two different purposes (getting line count and getting coordinates) is a bad idea. It is unnecesarilly obfuscating underlying logic here:

static_assert((std::is_integral<Input>::value && !std::numeric_limits<Input>::is_signed)
|| std::is_same<std::decay_t<Input>, std::string>::value, "type not supported!\n");


or here:

const auto handle_input = conditional<std::is_integral<Input>::value>(int_input, string_input);


I would strongly recommend using two simple separate functions (or a function and template function).

## separating conversion logic

I would rather separate logic of RC <-> cell format conversions from main to standalone functions.

## error handling

You are not interested in handling any exception that might be thrown? (As soon as you start using std::string that might happen.)