# Questions tagged [breadth-first-search]

In graph theory, breadth-first search (BFS) is a graph search algorithm that begins at the root node and explores all the neighboring nodes. Then for each of those nearest nodes, it explores their unexplored neighbor nodes, and so on, until it finds the goal.

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### Depth First Search & Breadth First Search implementation

I've implemented DFS and BFS implementations. I want to check if the code is readable, contains any issues, and can be improved. GraphImplementation ...
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### Number of Islands in a 2d grid

Recently, I've solved this "Number of Islands" problem on LeetCode, the solution was accepted by the LeetCode OJ. Problem Description Given a 2d grid map of '1's (land) and '0's (water), count the ...
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### Cows with walkie-talkies (USACO Silver Prob. #3; December '16 )

The official problem description is here, which in my opinion is unclear and quite long. Below is my description. I recommend you still read the official description, it has details such as input and ...
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### Finding shortest paths in directed graphs

I have very little experience in programming with C++ and the following small "program" is the 2nd one I have ever written in that language. I am most interested in comments regarding naming ...
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### Run time complexity of printing a binary tree level by level

I have some doubts about running time of following question. The problem is printing a binary tree level by level. For example if tree is like ...
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### Improving performance of A* search in PHP

I need to figure out what can be done to improve the performance of a A* search algorithm in PHP. The idea is to look for the shortest path, in number of hops, between two points in a "map". Actual ...
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### Solve 8-tile sliding puzzle

I created a BFS algorithm in order to solve an 8-puzzle, and while it works, it is awfully slow compared to my DFS implementation. My main point of concern is the puzzleExists() function, which ...
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### Breadth First Search not SOLID enough v2.0

Original question: Breadth First Search not SOLID enough Here is my first attempt at refactoring. Instead of using a Tuple, I used a ...
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### Graph theory using C++ STL

I'm trying to practice STL so I implemented breadth first search and depth first search. I have designed the graph class so that vertices can be arbitrary hashable object. Any feedback would be ...
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### Find the shortest path through a maze with a twist: you can knock down one wall

I would like my solution to Google Foobar's prepare_the_bunnies_escape checked for readability, maintainability, extensibility, style, design. I am looking forward ...
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### Maze image solver and animator in Python

This maze solver is a continuation to the maze generator I posted here recently Maze generator & animator in Python This code takes an image containing a 2-color maze as input and solves the maze ...
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### Python 8-Puzzle and solver

I wrote a simple 8-Puzzle and solver and am interested in seeing how it might be improved. Please let me know if any style or design changes might enhance the readability/performance of my code. <...
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### C++ Graph Implementation

My data set is a list of Edges which are passed as a pair of integers. Based on that, I have the following graph implementation for BFS. Could someone please review ...
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### Beginner's Knight's tour in Python (BFS)

I wanted to implement this as short and effective as I could without using anything that is not basics, in order to improve my skills. I would appreciate input about things like memory leaks I missed,...
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### Iterator for BFS binary tree traversal

I implemented an iterator pattern for C# using IEnumerator and IEnumerable. The goal of the implementation is to traverse a ...
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### Breadth First Search not SOLID enough

The following code has a modified version of the Breadth First Search algorithm. It not only visits the nodes, but keeps track of the paths, so I can output various messages later. I would like to ...
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### Breadth First Search implementation in Python 3 to find path between two given nodes

This is my Breadth First Search implementation in Python 3 that assumes cycles and finds and prints path from start to goal. Some background - Recently I've been preparing for interviews and am ...
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### Degrees of Wikipedia

Here is my attempt on implementing "Degrees of Wikipedia" (much faster version can be seen at degreesofwikipedia.com.It's basically an algorithm which tries to connect two unrelated Wikipedia pages by ...
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### Search for Tree

Here is a search implementation for my tree. It searches each node in a breadth-first manner first, but it goes deeper in a depth-first manner, in the event it needs to go deeper. I know there may ...
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### “Ringing in the New Year (2011→ 2012)” puzzle

I am trying to solve the puzzle RINGING IN THE NEW YEAR. Start at 2011. By moving through the maze and doing any arithmetic operations you encounter, exit the maze with a result of 2012. You may ...
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### Breadth-first search for clusters of pixels in a given color range

I am a beginner in programming languages, so I apologise if my code is badly formatted or doesn't make any sense. My program gets an image and a RGB color range as input and it counts how many pixels ...
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### DFS and BFS in a graph in C++

Here goes the depth first search: ...
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### Improve Graph Adjacency List Implementation and Operations

I am studying graphs and I am trying to make a library in C# for myself and anyone else interested, that is didactic and simple, so I can remember how to solve common problems. I would like to ...
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### Shortest Path (BFS) through a maze

Background I have decided to use this year's Advent Of Code to learn Haskell. I feel like I vaguely understand the language and can solve most of the problems with relative ease. However, the code I ...
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### Binary Search Tree BFS iteratively

I was given this coding question for a technical interview: Given a binary tree, implement a method to populate the list level_ordered_list with the data of the nodes traversed level-order, ...
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### Read CSV and use bidirectional BFS to find the shortest connections between actors

I have a really huge file¹ with 17 million records in it. Here is a sample of the file: Actor Movie 1,2 2,2 3,1 4,3 2,3 ...
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### BFS for creating a queue without repetitions and with loops in the graph

I have a pipeline with loops of filters and one input filter. The rest are splitters, transform and output. I would like my code to go over the filters and push them into a queue (order is important)...
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### Shortest path using Breadth First Search

I have sample graphs like the following (un-directed un-weighted cyclic graphs). My goal is to find the shortest path between a given source and destination. I have found this implementation on web ...
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### BFS shortest path program

The task was to find the shortest path between P and K in a maze. You can move horizontally and vertically, where # is a wall and ...
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### Breadth first search implementation (also includes functions for finding shortest path and number of connected components)

I've been practicing my algorithms using The Algorithm Design Manual. I've decided to implement the breadth first search section (5.7) using javascript. I also have a ...
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### Printing a tree level by level

I have written a program to print a binary tree level by level on different lines, like the tree would actually look if drawn on paper. I have done a BFS traversal and then I proceed to print the ...
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### Minimum number of flight segments using breadth-first search

I'm practising with graphs, and trying to solve a problem of calculating the minimum number of flight segments, applying breadth-first search. The code is working, but I think, that it's not clean. ...
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### C++ Graph Class Implementation (adjacency list)

I've got a barebones C++ graph class implemented as an adjacency list. The graph consists of a vector of vertices. Each vertex has a vector of outgoing edges that store the destination vertex id. ...
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### Breadth-first search on a tree in Python

The following code performs breadth first search on a mockup tree ...
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### Maze solver BFS in Haskell

I am really excited that I just wrote my Haskell maze solution in bfs. This is my very first haskell (and I still haven't tried to build a maze in haskell so that maze is hard coded xD) ANY ...
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### Optimizing breadth-first-search code

I wrote code using some kind of breadth-first-search algorithm in order to find a path (any path!) from a start point to an end point. There are no weights/different distances involved from path-to ...
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### Shortest Path in a Unit Cost DAG BFS in Hadoop

Just got done implementing a shortest path algo of a unit cost DAG BFS in Hadoop and wanting to get anyone's opinion on how I could have done it better. The main issue I see is that I lose the ...
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### Dictrie: Extending the Python dictionary into a Trie

I implemented a trie in Python2.7 as a dictionary of dictionaries by extending the UserDict class to allow native dictionary access syntax and iteration. For example, ...
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### Breadth First Search for a Slider Puzzle Solver

I plan to implement a few other solvers (depth first search, A*, etc), hence why I'm using the abstract base class (which is new to me). I'm using Python 3.6, so you'll see f-string literals. I would ...
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### Graph and Node classes with BFS and DFS functions

I've created a Node class and a Graph class ...
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### SPOJ solution of GRAVITY

I am solving problem GRAVITY on SPOJ. Each test case is a rectangular ASCII grid of dimensions m × n, and you have to determine ...
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### Graph Creation and BFS + DFS in C#

I was asked to implement a graph and BFS and DFS. Please comment. Is it understandable? Is my algorithm correct? Are there any optimizations? ...
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### Path sum in binary tree

Root to leaf path sum equal to a given number Given a binary tree and a number, return true if the tree has a root-to-leaf path such that adding up all the values along the path equals the given ...
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### DFS/BFS implementation of Cormen's pseudo code

This is DFS/BFS C++ code for Cormen pseudo code. Please comment on this. ...
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### Modifying list while iterating during Breadth-first search

I am writing a function for implementing breadth-first search over a no. of nodes in a directed graph. The nodes are all numbers from 1-100. This is my implementation: ...
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### Recursive Breadth First Search for Knights Tour

This was written as an experiment in performance, based on another question here on CodeReview. Input into the algorithm is the number of squares on one edge of the chess board, the point of origin, ...
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### Searching a maze using DFS and BFS in Python 3

I solved the problem posted from Make School Trees and Maze article, which asks me to searching a maze using DFS and BFS in Python. Here's the final output from PyGame: I would like to ask for code ...
See the next iteration. I was in the mood for some basic AI, and decided to code up an algorithm for solving "$M$ missionaries, $C$ cannibals in the boat with $B$ places" -algorithm: Demo.java:...