# Creating instances of all subclasses in Python

I have a superclass with several subclasses. Each subclass overrides the "solve" method with some a different algorithm for estimating the solution to a particular problem. I'd like to efficiently create an instance of each subclass, store those instances in a list, and then take the sum (or average) of the estimates that the subclasses give:

class Technique():

def __init__(self):
self.weight = 1

def solve(self, problem):
pass

class Technique1(Technique):

def __init__(self):
super()

def solve(self,problem):
return 1

class Technique2(Technique):

def __init__(self):
super()

def solve(self,problem):
return 6

class Technique3(Technique):

def __init__(self):
super()

def solve(self,problem):
return -13

testCase = 3
myTechniques = []
t1 = Technique1()
myTechniques.append(t1)
t2 = Technique1()
myTechniques.append(t2)
t3 = Technique1()
myTechniques.append(t3)

print(sum([t.solve(testCase) for t in myTechniques])


The code at the end feels very clunky, particularly as the number of subclasses increases. Is there a way to more efficiently create all of the instances?

myTechniques = [cls() for cls in Technique.__subclasses__()]

Note that it does not return indirect subclasses, only immediate ones. You might also consider what happens if some subclass of Technique is itself abstract. Speaking of which, you should be using ABCMeta and abstractmethod.
• If this question were asked again today, I'd suggest __init_subclass__ as the cleanest answer. – o11c Dec 30 '17 at 4:40