# Convert “String” sqrt(#) into numerical value

I had to come up with a way to convert sqrt(#) into its actual numeric value because before I would have an array containing elements such as:

[sqrt(3), -sqrt(3), 1]


If I tried to multiply, I would get the error:

Argument "-sqrt(3)" isn't numeric in multiplication (*)

Here is my work-around, but I think there's a better way. Any suggestions?

#!/usr/bin/perl
#perl Solver.pl

use strict;
use warnings;

my $roots = "Sqrt ||-Sqrt ||1"; my @rootList = split(/ \|\|/,$roots); # fill array with string's values separated by " ||"

# Convert any Sqrt numbers to numerical value
# (ex.) Sqrt -> sqrt(3)
for $_ ( @rootList ){$_ =~ s/Sqrt$/sqrt(/g; # Sqrt[ -> sqrt( _ =~ s/$/)/g; # ] -> )

if( $_ =~ /-sqrt/ ){ # replace string of negative sqrt() my$temp = substr( $_, 6 ); # take "#)"$temp =~ s/\)//g; # remove ")"
$_ = -1*sqrt($temp );
}
elsif( $_ =~ /sqrt/ ){ # replace positive sqrt() my$temp = substr( $_, 5 );$temp =~ s/\)//g;
$_ = sqrt($temp );
}
}

print "[@rootList]\n";


I found the use of Sqrt[...] to be cumbersome, why have the case in that format, and why have the [] style braces?
I would normally not recommend this, but a simple solution, if you trust, or can sanitize your inputs, is to just use the eval function.
for $_ ( @rootList ){$_ =~ s/Sqrt$(.+)$/sqrt($1)/;$_ = eval($_);$@ and die \$@;

That does it..... all of it. Convert Sqrt[...] to sqrt(...), and eval the result.