I am new using regex expression. After much digging I came up with this code. I would like to know if this is the correct way. I want to search in Joomla for some html tags with specific class and then replace the code between those tags. I want to use an array ($patterns) with tag and classes and another array ($replacements) with replacements values.

$body = JResponse::getBody();
$patterns = array

$replacements = array
array('<p>some text</p>')
array('<p>another text</p>')

foreach ($patterns as $key => $value) {
$body = preg_replace('/(<'.$patterns[$key][0].' .*?class=".*?'.$patterns[$key][1].'.*?">)(.*?)(<\/'.$patterns[$key][0].'>)/', '$1'.$replacements[$key][0].'$3', $body); 

1 Answer 1


This is never going to work

HTML uses tags that are nested. So if you are looking for pattern array('ul','nicelist') in the following bit, it will fail:

<ul class="nicelist">
  <li>item 1</li>
  <li>item 2
    <ul class="nicesublist">
      <li>subitem 1</li>
      <li>subitem 2</li>
      <li>subitem 3</li>
  <li>item 3</li>
  <li>item 4</li>

You can see it will hit the wrong </ul>. So your solution is not general enough.

The only good way to manipulate HTML in PHP is to use code that understands the DOM. See:




These were made to do the things you try to do with preg_replace().

As for your code itself: I am baffled by the seperation between patterns and the replacements. Why not make one array like:

$replacements = [['tag' => 'a',    'class' => 'logo', 'insert' => '<p>some text</p>'],
                 ['tag' => 'span', 'class' => 'main', 'insert' => '<p>another text</p>']];

Keep things together that belong together. I've also used the new array syntax, you need PHP 5.4 or higher, I think, and added keys. The keys make your code better readable, especially if you revisit the code after some time.

I will not go into the reasons why it's a bad idea to do what you're trying to do, replacings pieces of HTML like this, even if you were to use the DOM. I guess there can be some situations in which this is needed?

  • \$\begingroup\$ I know that probably this is not a good approach but i am making some testing and learning. Thank you for your advices \$\endgroup\$
    – n.h.
    Commented Sep 24, 2014 at 21:40
  • \$\begingroup\$ You're welcome. But please only post code you want serious peer review on, not some test you more-or-less know to be faulty. This way we can't help you to learn RegEx. \$\endgroup\$ Commented Sep 24, 2014 at 21:49

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