Here is a problem came from codingbat:
Given 2 strings, a and b, return the number of the positions where they contain the same length 2 substring. So "xxcaazz" and "xxbaaz" yields 3, since the "xx", "aa", and "az" substrings appear in the same place in both strings.
There are several answers but it may hard to choose which one is the most preferred, such as:
# Solution 1 # Using for loop def strmatch_forloop(a, b): shorter = min(len(a), len(b)) count = 0 for i in range(shorter-1): a_sub = a[i:i+2] b_sub = b[i:i+2] if a_sub == b_sub: count = count + 1 return count
# Solution 2 # Using list comprehension def strmatch_listcomp(a, b): shorter = min(len(a), len(b)) return [a[i:i+2] == b[i:i+2] for i in range(shorter-1)].count(True)
# Solution 3 # Using generator def strmatch_gen(a, b): shorter = min(len(a), len(b)) return sum(a[i:i+2] == b[i:i+2] for i in range(shorter-1))
Note that the "preferable" might be subjective; it may refer to the speed, the memory use or the coding style. For instance, their speeds are reported as:
%timeit strmatch_forloop 10000000 loops, best of 3: 21.7 ns per loop %timeit strmatch_listcomp 10000000 loops, best of 3: 22.9 ns per loop %timeit strmatch_gen 10000000 loops, best of 3: 21.8 ns per loop
According to the results, there may no difference between these approaches. For memory use, similar results can be shown by
%memit. However, coding style is too subjective to measure. How could I choose among them?