I have run into a bit of a dilemma. Binding user input and building a prepared statement is all well and good, but what if I need the user input as a variable for a compare?

Can I just create a function to clean the input?

This is the line that worries me:

$password = $_POST['password']

What I have working so far:

public function query($query){
    $this->stmt = $this->dbh->prepare($query);

public function resultset(){
    return $this->stmt->fetchAll(PDO::FETCH_ASSOC);

public function execute(){
    return $this->stmt->execute();

Check that the password matches with the database password if username exists

if (isset($_POST['login'])) {

    $dbpass = '';
    $password = $_POST['password'];

    //Select username, password, salt and active
    $database->query('SELECT username, password, salt, active FROM wcx_admin WHERE username = :username');

    $database->bind(':username', $_POST['username']);

    $rows = $database->resultset();

    if(isset($rows[0])) {
        $salt = $rows[0]['salt'];
        $dbpass = $rows[0]['password'];
        $password = hash("sha512", $password . $salt);
    if($password !== $dbpass) {
        echo 'Incorrect Username or Password';


Binding Function

public function bind($param, $value, $type = null){
if (is_null($type)) {
    switch (true) {
        case is_int($value):
            $type = PDO::PARAM_INT;
        case is_bool($value):
            $type = PDO::PARAM_BOOL;
        case is_null($value):
            $type = PDO::PARAM_NULL;
            $type = PDO::PARAM_STR;
$this->stmt->bindValue($param, $value, $type);
  • 4
    \$\begingroup\$ php.net/manual/en/function.password-hash.php \$\endgroup\$ – PeeHaa Jun 28 '14 at 12:56
  • \$\begingroup\$ Can you explain why you feel i should read that? \$\endgroup\$ – CodeX Jun 28 '14 at 12:57
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Because it will prevent you from screwing up password hashing. \$\endgroup\$ – PeeHaa Jun 28 '14 at 12:58
  • \$\begingroup\$ So this $password = hash("sha512", $password . $salt); is wrong? it should be password_hash("sha512", $password . $salt); ? \$\endgroup\$ – CodeX Jun 28 '14 at 13:00
  • 3
    \$\begingroup\$ Thankyou, its so much easier with password_hash() and password_verify() i can get rid of salt now too! \$\endgroup\$ – CodeX Jun 28 '14 at 13:36

You should also make heavy use of the filter functions of PHP.


if (filter_input(INPUT_POST, "form_id", FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW) === filter_input(INPUT_SESSION, "form_id", FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW)) {
  $username = filter_input(INPUT_POST, "username", FILTER_SANITIZE_STRING, FILTER_FLAG_STRIP_LOW);
  $password = filter_input(INPUT_POST, "password", FILTER_UNSAFE_RAW);

  if ($username && $password) {
    $database->query("SELECT `username`, `password`, `active` FROM `admin` WHERE `username` = :username AND `password` = :password LIMIT 1");
    $database->bind(":username", $username);
    $result = $database->resultset();

    if (isset($result[0]) && password_verify($password, $result[0]["password"])) {
      echo "Welcome!";
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Ive never seen these, ill check them out, thanks for the info! \$\endgroup\$ – CodeX Jul 4 '14 at 19:09
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ Note that I changed the INPUT_COOKIE to INPUT_POST. The form_id is used to protect your form from manipulation (CSRF). Usually not used for login forms, but I though I include it. \$\endgroup\$ – Fleshgrinder Jul 4 '14 at 19:11

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