Your python code is neat, simple and easy to understand (so generally it's good); and yet, something in me doesn't like the use of so many temporary arrays. How about using a generator?
""" Generate all of the anagrams of a word. """
if len(word) < 2:
for i, letter in enumerate(word):
if not letter in word[:i]: #avoid duplicating earlier words
for j in anagrams(word[:i]+word[i+1:]):
if __name__ == "__main__":
for i in anagrams("acbcddd"):
I (now) filtered out all duplicates which is almost certain your original intention and is standard in all anagram problems. I did this by seeing if the same letter was already earlier in the word in which case we will have already generated this anagram.
You would have to do the same, or get rid of duplicates in your list for example by doing
instead of your current return from anagrams.