A few months ago I wrote this module but, coming back to it, I find it a bit hard to read and reason about. I want to ask community's opinion on whether this needs to be refactored, and how I could approach this.

(function (q) {

  'use strict';


  window.st.viewer.Helper.PageViewFactory = (function () {
    function promiseRenderView(page, token) {
      return page.fetchUnlessReady()
        .then(function () {
          var view = new window.st.viewer.View.PageView({
            model: page

          return view;

    var scheduledPage,

    function scheduleRenderNextView(page, token) {

      // After some time passes, prefetch and prerender next page view
      // so if it is requested (very likely), we can re-use an existing promise.

      scheduledPage = null;
      scheduledPromise = null;

        .then(function () {
          return page.promiseNext();
        .then(function (nextPage) {
          if (nextPage) {
            scheduledPage = nextPage;
            scheduledPromise = promiseRenderView(nextPage, window.st.Helper.CancellationToken.getNone());
          } else {
            scheduledPage = null;
            scheduledPromise = null;

    function scheduleRenderView(page, token) {
      var promise = (page !== scheduledPage) ?
        promiseRenderView(page, token) :

      scheduleRenderNextView(page, token);

      return promise;

    return {
      scheduleRenderView: scheduleRenderView

This module exports a single function called scheduleRenderView. Its purpose is, given a page model and a cancellation token, do the following steps asynchronously:

  1. Fully fetch page model (it may be loaded partially);
  2. Create and render (in memory) a PageView for it;
  3. Return this view to the caller;
  4. Additionally, after a 3 second delay:

    • Request next page by calling promiseNext;
    • Pre-render next page by repeating steps 1-3 for it and store the pre-rendered view in case it gets requested the next time scheduleRenderView is called (very likely)

The user views pages one by one, and I wanted to anticipate the most likely scenario where she will request the next page.

I also wanted to make this optimization invisible to the calling code.

Is this code hard to comprehend? Are the simpler ways to achieve the same?

  • \$\begingroup\$ I must say, this sure looks like a complicated way to express what it is you're trying to do. If it were me, I'd back up to first principles and find a much easier way to express what I was trying to do. I don't understand enough about what you're trying to do to take a crack at it. \$\endgroup\$
    – jfriend00
    Jan 7, 2014 at 23:16
  • \$\begingroup\$ @jfriend00: What is it that you don't understand? I'll happily clarify this. \$\endgroup\$
    – Dan
    Jan 7, 2014 at 23:18

2 Answers 2


Is this code hard to comprehend? Yes.

That is because there are a lot of unknown functions: view.render, page.fetchUnlessReady, token.catchItself ,token.throwIfCanceled or window.st.Helper.CancellationToken.getNone() etc. etc.

In my mind, I would approach this more like :

function scheduleRenderView( page )
  //Load and display the page
  var promise = model.loadPage( page ).then( function(){
    view.renderPage( model.getPage( page ) );
  //Load the next page
  model.loadPage( page.next() );
  return promise;

loadPage would either return immediately if we retrieved already the data once ( from cache ) or download the page model.

getPage gets a page model from cache

renderPage would do the obvious

This means I would forego the pre-rendering which really sounds like pre-mature optimization, how long could that take?

2 other minor comments:

  • Why access some variables through window, that does not seem to make sense
  • In my mind, adding functions to the window.st.viewer.Helper is terrible global variable abuse, not to mention that you probably should add it to Helper.prototype.
  • \$\begingroup\$ Pre-rendering is not an immature optimization, there was a real need for it. What do you suggest for namespacing instead of window.st.viewer.*? Helper is a namespace, not a class, why add something to its prototype? Again, window.st is just a root namespace. \$\endgroup\$
    – Dan
    Jan 8, 2014 at 10:46
  • \$\begingroup\$ Do you think I should re-word the question to remove any methods specific to my code (fetchUnlessReady, etc, and only leave the “essence” of the code)? \$\endgroup\$
    – Dan
    Jan 8, 2014 at 10:48
  • \$\begingroup\$ To make it clear: CancellationToken is a class, getNone is its static method. It's not just some global variable. \$\endgroup\$
    – Dan
    Jan 8, 2014 at 10:54
  • \$\begingroup\$ Your suggestion might make it easier indeed to review. \$\endgroup\$
    – konijn
    Jan 8, 2014 at 16:23
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ In fact you were right. Rendering was a premature optimization. It renders view in DOM and begins to fetch images, fonts, etc, so it looks like a useful optimization. What I didn't realize, is that I'm scheduling it too early—before the current view's resources probably have loaded, so it slowed down current view's rendering. I cut this code completely, fixed a couple of problems, and seems to run more smoothly now. So you were right after all! \$\endgroup\$
    – Dan
    Jan 9, 2014 at 13:24

Two more points to complement konijn's answer to my question:


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