Calculating Travelling Salesman - memory consumption and speed

I need to implement the dynamic programming algorithm for the travelling salesman problem. My input is a text file with first line indicates the number of cities. Each city is a point in the plane, and each subsequent line indicates the x- and y-coordinates of a single city. The distance between two cities is defined as the Euclidean distance. The output of my program should be the minimum cost of a travelling salesman tour for this instance, rounded down to the nearest integer. I am having trouble coming up with ideas on how to reduce memory consumption and increase efficiency. The optimizations I have used are only storing subproblems of size m and size m-1 in an array.

Could someone advise me on possible improvements?

public class TSP {

static double [][] A;
static List<Integer> cities;
static int number_of_cities;
static List<Set<Integer>> myPowerSetPrevious;
static List<Set<Integer>> myPowerSetNext;
static int sizeTogether;

public static double distance (double x1, double y1, double x2, double y2){

return Math.sqrt(Math.pow(x1-x2,2) + Math.pow(y1-y2,2));
}

private static void getSubsets(List<Integer> superSet, int k, int idx, Set<Integer> current,List<Set<Integer>> solution) {
//successful stop clause
if (current.size() == k) {
Set<Integer> a = new HashSet<Integer>();
return;
}
//unseccessful stop clause
if (idx == superSet.size()) return;
Integer x = superSet.get(idx);
//"guess" x is in the subset
getSubsets(superSet, k, idx+1, current, solution);
if (x != 1){
current.remove(x);
//"guess" x is not in the subset
getSubsets(superSet, k, idx+1, current, solution);
}
}

public static List<Set<Integer>> getSubsets(List<Integer> superSet, int k) {
List<Set<Integer>> res = new ArrayList<Set<Integer>>();
getSubsets(superSet, k, 0, new HashSet<Integer>(), res);
return res;
}

public static void initialize(int k_start){

int presize = myPowerSetPrevious.size(); // size of previous (1)
int oldSize = sizeTogether;
myPowerSetPrevious = myPowerSetNext;
myPowerSetNext = getSubsets(cities,k_start);
sizeTogether = myPowerSetPrevious.size() + myPowerSetNext.size();
double [][] B = new double [sizeTogether][number_of_cities + 1];

int count = 0;
for (int i = presize; i < oldSize; i ++){
for (int j = 1; j <= number_of_cities; j++){
B[count][j] = A[i][j];
}
count++;
}
presize = myPowerSetPrevious.size();
for (int i = presize; i < sizeTogether; i++){
B[i] = Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY;
}
A = B;

}

/**
* @param args
*/
public static void main(String[] args) {
String inputFileName = "src\\tsp.txt";
In in = new In(inputFileName);
double [][] xy_points = new double [number_of_cities + 1];
cities = new ArrayList<Integer>();
for (int i =1; i < number_of_cities + 1; i ++){
}
myPowerSetPrevious = getSubsets(cities,1);
myPowerSetNext = getSubsets(cities,2);

sizeTogether = myPowerSetPrevious.size() + myPowerSetNext.size();
A = new double [sizeTogether][number_of_cities + 1]; // j's for each S
for (int i = 0; i < myPowerSetPrevious.size(); i++){
if (myPowerSetPrevious.get(i).size() == 1 & myPowerSetPrevious.get(i).contains(1)){
A[i] = 0;
}
else
A[i] = Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY;
}
for (int i = myPowerSetPrevious.size(); i < sizeTogether; i++){
A[i] = Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY;
}

int k_start = 2;
//initialize(k_start);

int count = myPowerSetPrevious.size();
while (count < sizeTogether){//Set<Integer> s : myPowerSetNext){ // for each subset S

Set<Integer> s =  myPowerSetNext.get(count - myPowerSetPrevious.size());
if (s.size() >= 2 & s.contains(1)){

for (Integer j : s){ // for each j vertex
if (j != 1){
Set<Integer> newSet = new HashSet<Integer>();
newSet.remove(j);
int index = myPowerSetPrevious.indexOf(newSet);
double minDist = -1;
for (Integer k : s){
if (k != j){
double dist =  A[index][k] + distance(xy_points[k], xy_points[k], xy_points[j], xy_points[j]);
if (minDist == -1){
minDist = dist;
}
else if (minDist > dist){
minDist = dist;
}
}
}
//System.out.println("S: " + s + " j: " + j + " " + " = " + minDist);
A[count][j] = minDist;
}
}
}
count++;
if (count >= A.length){
k_start ++;
//System.out.println("K_start: " + k_start);
initialize(k_start);
//System.out.println("length: " + myPowerSetNext.size());
count = myPowerSetPrevious.size();
}

}
double minDist = -1;
for (int j = 2; j <= number_of_cities; j ++){
double dist = A[A.length - 1][j] + distance(xy_points[j], xy_points[j], xy_points, xy_points);
if (minDist == -1)
minDist = dist;
else if (minDist > dist){
minDist = dist;
}
}
System.out.println("minDist: " + minDist);
}
• what is A and what is B. then Why are you using Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY it looks like you are assigning a value of infinity to a lot of members in both of those arrays. – Malachi Oct 11 '13 at 16:47