# Copying sections of one picture to another

I have two solutions (in Jython) to take two pictures and copy and paste alternate sections of one picture to the other, like so:   for x in range (0,w):
for y in range (0,h):
sourcePx=getPixel(pic1,x,y)
targetPx=getPixel(pic2,x,y)
if (y>=0 and y<20) or (y>=40 and y<60)or (y>=80 and y<=100):
setColor(targetPx, getColor(sourcePx))
repaint (pic2)


for y in range(0,h):
leaf = (y>=0 and y<20) or (y>=40 and y<60)or (y>=80 and y<=100):
if leaf:
for x in range(width):
sourcePx = getPixel(pic1, x, y)
targetPx = getPixel(pic2, x, y)
setColor(targetPx, getColor(sourcePx))
repaint(pic2)


1. Which is the more efficient way to loop through the pixels and why?
2. Does it make any difference to efficiency (and if so how), creating the variable leaf and then using that in the if statement?
• Minor point (not worth an answer): You an rewrite (y>=0 and y<20) to 0 <= y < 20. – tobias_k Jul 31 '13 at 20:15

The second one is more efficient. Simply because in the first one you are calculating the if w * h times but in the second you are calculating it h times.

Also it can be made more readable and efficient just by using this. It eliminates leaf which you aren't using anywhere. Readability doesn't need explaining.

for y in range(0,h):
if (20 > y >= 0) or (60 > y >= 40)or (100 >= y >= 80):
for x in range(width):
sourcePx = getPixel(pic1, x, y)
targetPx = getPixel(pic2, x, y)
setColor(targetPx, getColor(sourcePx))
repaint(pic2)


Update 1

As limelights has suggested, use of xrange is better than use of range in Python2. If your h or w are big then using range would return a list which occupies memory while use of xrange returns a generator which is much more memory efficient. Performance might suffer a bit but in most cases it is worth it.

• ty Aseem, yes I can see what you are saying about the loops, for some reason I can stare at something and it's like a brain jam and I can't figure out the simplest of concepts.. cheers – user90823 Jul 31 '13 at 4:37
• This could be optimised even further, just FYI. The use of xrange() for example if width is massive would speed the program up. – Henrik Andersson Jul 31 '13 at 13:29
• @limelights I have been using Python 3 for some time and forgot that unless Python3 tag is used questions are about 2 not 3. I'll add that. Thanks. – Aseem Bansal Jul 31 '13 at 13:30
• Not worth an answer but... I would start it with for y in range(20) + range(40, 60) + range(80, 100) which seems cleaner than having an if condition. – Stuart Jul 31 '13 at 21:39