I currently have a script that fires a request to an API endpoint which returns a csv.gzip file - which roughly contains 75,000 rows and 15 columns. I download this files to the webserver disk storage, unzip the file to .csv and then loop through every row and add the data into my database. Finally deleting the files saved to disk. The process currently takes between 5 and 10 minutes to complete.

I'm sure there is areas of improvement but not sure how to implement them. Some of them is:

  1. Save csv data to variable rather than on disk.
  2. Bulk import the data into my database.

I'm sure there are other improvements to be made, so any advice would be appreciated.

response = oauth.get(realm)

content = ET.fromstring(response.content)
coded_string = (content.find('.//pricefile'))
decoded_string = base64.b64decode(coded_string.text)
with open('test.csv.gzip', 'wb') as f:
    with gzip.open('test.csv.gzip', 'rb') as f_in:
        with open('test.csv', 'wb') as f_out:
            shutil.copyfileobj(f_in, f_out)

with open('test.csv') as f:
    reader = csv.reader(f)
    for row in reader:

                'average_price': Decimal(row[1] or 0),
                'low_price': Decimal(row[2] or 0),
                'high_price': Decimal(row[3] or 0),

  • \$\begingroup\$ What is the current working directory for the context of this code? \$\endgroup\$
    – Reinderien
    Aug 20, 2022 at 16:55
  • \$\begingroup\$ Is there any reason that you go back and forth between the disk so much instead of just staying in memory? \$\endgroup\$
    – Reinderien
    Aug 20, 2022 at 16:56
  • \$\begingroup\$ What database is associated with pricing? Does it not have direct CSV import? \$\endgroup\$
    – Reinderien
    Aug 20, 2022 at 16:57
  • \$\begingroup\$ 1. It saves, reads, and deletes the files at the root directory of the webserver. 2. I want to add the CSV data to a variable instead of a physical file but cannot seem to get it working that way. 3. the database is Postgresql \$\endgroup\$
    – Ross
    Aug 20, 2022 at 16:59
  • \$\begingroup\$ Are you using psycopg? \$\endgroup\$
    – Reinderien
    Aug 20, 2022 at 17:19

1 Answer 1


Do not send anything to disk (especially the root of the server; this should have been /tmp).

Once you have your decoded_string, you could use gzip.decompress producing a string.

Alternatively, if you have too much memory pressure, wrap it in a BytesIO file-like and put it through gzip.GzipFile, reading from it incrementally. This is probably what I would do. Ensure that you do not iterate line by line; instead iterate in blobs on the order of your cache size (try 4 MB and fine-tune from there).

Once you either have a monolithic string blob or an incremental string iterator, pipe it to COPY FROM STDIN. PostgreSQL natively understands CSV and should decode it instead of Python. You may or may not want to drop the results in a temporary table for SQL processing. PsycoPG supports this.


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.