I wrote a script that updates some library files for the game framework libgdx by grabbing the latest nightly build .zip file from a server and extracting the contents to the appropriate locations.

__appname__ = 'libgdx_library_updater'
__version__ = "0.1"
__author__ = "Jon Renner <[email protected]>"
__url__ = "http://github.com/jrenner/libgdx-updater"
__licence__ = "MIT"

import os, time, sys, urllib2, re, datetime, tempfile, zipfile, argparse

# error handling functions and utils

def fatal_error(msg):
    print "ERROR: %s" % msg

def warning_error(msg):
    print "WARNING: %s" % msg
    if not FORCE:
        answer = confirm("abort? (Y/n): ")
        if answer in YES:
            fatal_error("USER QUIT")            

def confirm(msg):
    answer = raw_input(msg)
    return answer.lower()

def human_time(t):
    minutes = t / 60
    seconds = t % 60
    return "%.0fm %.1fs" % (minutes, seconds)    

# constants

YES = ['y', 'ye', 'yes', '']
# for finding the time of the latest nightly build from the web page html
DATE_RE = r"[0-9]{1,2}-[A-Za-z]{3,4}-[0-9]{4}\s[0-9]+:[0-9]+"

SUPPORTED_PLATFORMS = ['android', 'desktop', 'gwt']

CORE_LIBS = ["gdx.jar",

DESKTOP_LIBS = ["gdx-backend-lwjgl.jar",

ANDROID_LIBS = ["gdx-backend-android.jar",

GWT_LIBS = ["gdx-backend-gwt.jar"]                

# parse arguments
EPILOGUE_TEXT = "%s\n%s" % (__author__, __url__) + "\nUSE AT YOUR OWN RISK!"
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(description='LibGDX Library Updater %s' % __version__, epilog=EPILOGUE_TEXT)
parser.add_argument('-d', '--directory', help='set the libgdx project/workspace directory', default=os.getcwd())
parser.add_argument('-i', '--interactive', action='store_true', help='ask for confirmation for every file', default=False)
parser.add_argument('-f', '--force-update', action='store_true', help='no confirmations, just update without checking nightly\'s datetime', default=False)
parser.add_argument('-a', '--archive', help='specify libgdx zip file to use for update', default=None)
args = parser.parse_args()
PROJECT_DIR = args.directory
INTERACTIVE = args.interactive
FORCE = args.force_update
ARCHIVE = args.archive

# mutually exclusive

# check the time of the latest archive on the nightlies server
def get_remote_archive_mtime():
    index_page = urllib2.urlopen("http://libgdx.badlogicgames.com/nightlies/")
    contents = index_page.read()
    print "-- OK --"
    # regex for filename
    regex = r"libgdx-nightly-latest\.zip"
    # add regex for anything followed by the nighlty html time format
    regex += r".*%s" % DATE_RE
        result = re.findall(regex, contents)[0]
    except IndexError as e:
        print "REGEX ERROR: failed to find '%s' in:\n%s" % (regex, contents)
        fatal_error("regex failure to match")
        mtime = re.findall(DATE_RE, result)[0]
    except IndexError as e:
        print "REGEX ERROR: failed to find datetime in: %s" % result
        fatal_error("regex failure to match")
    dtime = datetime.datetime.strptime(mtime, REMOTE_DATE_FORMAT)
    return dtime

# downloads and returns a temporary file contained the latest nightly archive
def download_libgdx_zip():
    libgdx = tempfile.TemporaryFile()
    url = "http://libgdx.badlogicgames.com/nightlies/libgdx-nightly-latest.zip"
    # testing url - don't hammer badlogic server, host the file on localhost instead
    # url = "http://localhost/libgdx-nightly-latest.zip"
    resp = urllib2.urlopen(url)
    print "downloading file: %s" % url
    total_size = resp.info().getheader('Content-Length').strip()
    total_size = int(total_size)    
    # base 10 SI units - following Ubuntu policy because it makes sense - https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UnitsPolicy
    total_size_megabytes = total_size / 1000000.0
    bytes_read = 0
    chunk_size = 10000 # 10kB per chunk
    while True:        
        chunk = resp.read(chunk_size)
        bytes_read += len(chunk)        
        bytes_read_megabytes = bytes_read / 1000000.0
        percent = (bytes_read / float(total_size)) * 100
        sys.stdout.write("\rprogress: {:>8}{:.2f} / {:.2f} mB ({:.0f}% complete)".format(
            "", bytes_read_megabytes, total_size_megabytes, percent))
        if bytes_read >= total_size:
            print "finished download"
    return libgdx

def update_files(libs, locations, archive):    
    for lib in libs:        
        if lib in archive.namelist():            
            if INTERACTIVE:
                answer = confirm("overwrite %s? (Y/n): " % lib)
                if answer not in YES:                    
                    print "skipped: %s" % lib        
            with archive.open(lib, "r") as fin:
                filename = os.path.basename(lib)
                final_path = os.path.join(locations[lib], filename)
                with open(final_path, "w") as fout:
                print "extracted to %s" % final_path

def run_core(locations, archive):
    update_files(CORE_LIBS, locations, archive)

def run_android(locations, archive):
    update_files(ANDROID_LIBS, locations, archive)    

def run_desktop(locations, archive):
    update_files(DESKTOP_LIBS, locations, archive)    

def run_gwt(locations, archive):
    update_files(GWT_LIBS, locations, archive)

def search_for_lib_locations(directory):    
    platforms = []
    locations = {}    
    for element in search_list:
        locations[element] = None
    for (this_dir, dirs, files) in os.walk(directory):        
        for element in search_list:
            split_path = os.path.split(element)
            path = os.path.split(split_path[0])[-1]
            filename = split_path[1]
            for f in files:
                match = False
                if filename == f:
                    f_dir = os.path.split(this_dir)[-1]                    
                    if path == "":
                        match = True
                        if path == f_dir:
                            match = True
                if match:
                    if locations[element] != None:
                        print "WARNING: found %s in more than one place!" % element
                        if not FORCE:
                            answer = confirm("continue? (Y/n): ")
                            if answer not in YES:
                                fatal_error("USER ABORT")
                    locations[element] = this_dir                   
    for lib, loc in locations.items():
        if loc == None:
            print "WARNING: did not find library %s in directory tree of: %s" % (lib, directory)
    found_libraries = [lib for lib, loc in locations.items() if locations[lib] != None]
    if found_all_in_set(CORE_LIBS, found_libraries):
    if found_all_in_set(ANDROID_LIBS, found_libraries):
    if found_all_in_set(DESKTOP_LIBS, found_libraries):
    if found_all_in_set(GWT_LIBS, found_libraries):
    return platforms, locations

def found_all_in_set(lib_set, found_list):
    for lib in lib_set:
        if lib not in found_list:
            return False
    return True

def main():    
    start_time = time.time()
    print "finding local libraries in %s" % PROJECT_DIR
    platforms, locations = search_for_lib_locations(PROJECT_DIR)
    if "core" not in platforms:
        fatal_error("did not find CORE libraries %s in project directory tree" % str(CORE_LIBS))
        print "found CORE libraries"
    for supported in SUPPORTED_PLATFORMS:
        if supported in platforms:
            print "found libraries for platform: %s" % supported.upper()
            print "WARNING: did not find libraries for platform: %s - WILL NOT UPDATE" % supported.upper()

    if ARCHIVE == None:
        print "checking latest nightly..."
        mtime = get_remote_archive_mtime()
        print "lastest nightly from server: %s" % mtime
        if not FORCE:
            answer = confirm("replace local libraries with files from latest nightly?(Y/n): ")    
            if answer not in YES:
                fatal_error("USER QUIT")
        libgdx = download_libgdx_zip()        
        if not os.path.exists(ARCHIVE):
            fatal_error("archive file not found: %s" % ARCHIVE)
        if not FORCE:
            answer = confirm("replace local libraries with files from '%s'?(Y/n): " % os.path.basename(ARCHIVE))    
            if answer not in YES:
                fatal_error("USER QUIT")
        libgdx = open(ARCHIVE, "r")

    with zipfile.ZipFile(libgdx) as archive:
        if "core" in platforms:        
            run_core(locations, archive)
        if "desktop" in platforms:
            run_desktop(locations, archive)
        if "android" in platforms:
            run_android(locations, archive)
        if "gwt" in platforms:
            run_gwt(locations, archive)

    duration = time.time() - start_time    
    print "finished updates in %s" % human_time(duration)

def title(text):
    dashes = "-" * 10
    print dashes + " %s " % text + dashes

if __name__ == "__main__":

1 Answer 1


Your code looks pretty good. Some notes:

  • According to PEP8, imports should be written in separate lines.

  • fatal_error: I'd probably write the signature this way: fatal_error(msg, code=1).

  • INTERACTIVE -> interactive. According to PEP8, global variables should be written lower-case.

  • That's an opinion: I prefer to write multi-line lists/dictionaries in JSON style. You save indentation space and the reordering of elements is straightforward (all at the meager cost of two lines):

  • Functions download_libgdx_zip and search_for_lib_locations are written (unnecessarily IMO) in a very imperative fashion. I'd probably refactor it with a functional approach in mind. At least don't reuse the same variable name to hold different values (i.e. total_size), as that takes away the sacred mathematical meaning of =.

  • Those functions run_xyz(locations, archive) look very similar, why not a unique run(platform, locations, archive).

  • Function found_all_in_set can be written:

    def found_all_in_set(lib_set, found_list):
        return all(lib in found_list for lib in lib_set)


    def found_all_in_set(lib_set, found_list):
        return set(lib_list).issubset(set(found_list))
  • if ARCHIVE == None: -> if ARCHIVE is None: although I prefer the (almost) equivalent, more declarative if not ARCHIVE:.

  • There are a lot of imperative snippets that could be written functionally, for example this simple list-comprehension replaces a dozen lines from your code:

    platforms = [platform for (platform, libs) in zip(platforms, libs_list)
        if found_all_in_set(libs, found_libraries)]
  • \$\begingroup\$ From PEP8, the proper way to write if ARCHIVE == None: is if ARCHIVE is None. \$\endgroup\$
    – SylvainD
    Commented Jun 24, 2013 at 9:15
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Josay: Sorry, I forgot a not, updated. I would write if ARCHIVE is None: only if I needed to specifically check that ARCHIVE is exactly None and not other falsy value ("" for example). It does not seem the case here. \$\endgroup\$
    – tokland
    Commented Jun 24, 2013 at 9:24
  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks for the great feedback! I can see Java making my Python very imperative as well. regarding "According to PEP8, global variables should be written lower-case." PEP8 also says constants should be all caps \$\endgroup\$ Commented Jun 24, 2013 at 15:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ @talloaktrees: A constant and a global variable are not the same. One is constant while the other is, well, variable :-) (either because it's different on each execution or because it's updated in-place). So YES is ok, but INTERACTIVE is not. \$\endgroup\$
    – tokland
    Commented Jun 24, 2013 at 15:27

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