I have 3 tables:

  • regional with Regional Model (id,kode)
  • status_kontrak with StatusKontrak Model (id,status,user_id,...,...)
  • users with User Model (id, regional_id).

My purpose is to get a collection or array from StatusKontrak to count how many StatusKontrak with status of active, expired, and null of each user respectively to its regional.

This is how I try to accomplish that.

public function buildSummaryByRegional()
    $regional = Regional::has('am')->with('am.regional','am.statusKontrak','am.activeStatusKontrak','am.expiredStatusKontrak','am.nullStatusKontrak')->get();
    $summaryRegional = [];
    foreach($regional as $r){
        $am = $r->am;
        foreach($am as $a){
            $parts = explode("@", $a->email);
            $prefix = $parts[0];
            $in_prefix[] = $prefix;   
            $a->prefix = $prefix;             
            $account = $a->statusKontrak->count();
            $active = $a->activeStatusKontrak->count();
            $expired = $a->expiredStatusKontrak->count();
            $null = $a->nullStatusKontrak->count();
            $summaryRegional[$r->kode]['am'][] = [
        $summaryRegional[$r->kode]['active'] = StatusKontrak::whereIn('am',$in_prefix)->where('status','active')->count();
        $summaryRegional[$r->kode]['expired'] = StatusKontrak::whereIn('am',$in_prefix)->where('status','expired')->count();
        $summaryRegional[$r->kode]['null'] = StatusKontrak::whereIn('am',$in_prefix)->where('status','NULL')->count();
    return $summaryRegional;

It works fine but I know it's not a best practice. How can I optimize this to a simpler way, perhaps to avoid the n+1 query problem?

  • \$\begingroup\$ I think you're bettter off querying the grouped counts directly from the database \$\endgroup\$
    – IGP
    Commented Dec 21, 2021 at 16:29
  • \$\begingroup\$ How to querying the grouped counts directly frrom the adatabase? \$\endgroup\$ Commented Dec 21, 2021 at 16:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ using count() and group by in a sql query. \$\endgroup\$
    – IGP
    Commented Dec 21, 2021 at 17:12

1 Answer 1


You can use the withCount() method to get the count of child relationships.

Such as: user::withCount['getPosts']->find(1);
Where getPost() is a relationship defined in the user model.


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