I'm trying to improve this wrapper by replacing the Newtonsoft.Json with System.Text.Json in its BinanceWebSocketClient class and more specifically the HandleObjectMessage method. It is a message handler, which is supposed to parse the JSON results returned by the combined stream.

Combined stream events are wrapped as follows: {"stream":"","data":}

The stream field is telling us what the stream name is. For ex. !miniTicker@arr. And data is the actual data corresponding to the stream name.

The handler HandleObjectMessage must recognize the JSON returned and parse it to the corresponding stream name object. If it's a kline, it should parse it to the KlineResponse class and so on.

GitHub (original HandObjectMessage)

GitHub (original BookTickerResponse)

Here are my changes to System.Text.Json. This is what I want to be reviewed. There were developers who actually used switch like here instead of that abstraction.

public class BookTickerResponse : ResponseBase<BookTicker>
    internal static bool TryHandle(JsonDocument response, ISubject<BookTickerResponse?> subject)
        var stream = response.RootElement.GetProperty("stream").GetString() ?? string.Empty;

        if (!stream.ToLower().EndsWith("@bookTicker"))
            return false;

        var parsed = response.ToObject<BookTickerResponse>();


        return true;
public sealed class BinanceWebSocketClient : IDisposable

    private bool HandleObjectMessage(string msg)
        using var response = JsonDocument.Parse(msg);

        // Add object handlers
            AggregateTradeResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.TradeBinSubject) ||
            TradeResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.TradesSubject) ||
            MiniTickerResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.MiniTickerSubject) ||
            BookTickerResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.BookTickerSubject) ||
            KlineResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.KlineSubject);
  • \$\begingroup\$ From what perspective are you looking for a review? \$\endgroup\$ Commented Dec 10, 2021 at 16:04
  • \$\begingroup\$ @PEterCsala, thank you for your comment! I was looking at other codes on GitHub and they used switch instead of that abstraction of mine in HandleObjectMessage. Here is an example: github.com/JuliaZaborowska/TPUM/blob/…. In other words, the code review I want is only over HandleObjectMessage and TickerResponse's TryHandle \$\endgroup\$
    – nop
    Commented Dec 10, 2021 at 18:08
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ I improved the question, so it's clearer \$\endgroup\$
    – nop
    Commented Dec 10, 2021 at 19:10

1 Answer 1



  • First of all I would not trust the input parameters. I suggest to make sure that they are not null before you start accessing their members (like response.RootElement)
  • As far as I know the GetProperty throws KeyNotFoundException if a given key is not present
  • The GetString might throw an InvalidOperationException if the JsonElement's ValueKind is neither String nor Null
  • ToLower().EndsWith: Depending on how often this method is called, a complied regex might provide better performance
  • As far I know JsonDocument does not have neither ToObject method nor extension method. Is it a custom built solution, like this?


  • At the first glance the single return statement seems a bit weird
  • Let me show you an alternative where the actions and their relation are separated
var probes = new Func<bool>[]
    () =>  AggregateTradeResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.TradeBinSubject),
    () => TradeResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.TradesSubject),
    () => MiniTickerResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.MiniTickerSubject),
    () => BookTickerResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.BookTickerSubject),
    () => KlineResponse.TryHandle(response, Streams.KlineSubject)

return probes.Any(probe => probe());
  • So, here we have defined several probe methods
  • Then we iterate through them until we find one where the probe passes or until we run out of options
  • With this approach the return statement is simple and easy to understand.

UPDATE #1: avoid closure

In order to capture the response in a closure you can do the following:

var probes = new Func<JsonDocument, bool>[]
    (res) =>  AggregateTradeResponse.TryHandle(res, Streams.TradeBinSubject),
    (res) => TradeResponse.TryHandle(res, Streams.TradesSubject),
    (res) => MiniTickerResponse.TryHandle(res, Streams.MiniTickerSubject),
    (res) => BookTickerResponse.TryHandle(res, Streams.BookTickerSubject),
    (res) => KlineResponse.TryHandle(res, Streams.KlineSubject)

return probes.Any(probe => probe(response));

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