I have question about scope yesterday, and someone gives an answer to don't return anything in scope. Is return something in scope really bad practice? Should I not return anything in the model except query?

Rather than scope, I want to create a normal method to return the select2 format. I have so many model/table that I need to return to select2 format, I think it's WET (write every time) if I must write every model or controller. I think I need to use DRY(Don't Repeat Yourself) principle, so I want to use a trait like below:

trait ModelTrait
    public static function getSelect2format($column = "name")
        $data = static::select('id', $column.' as text')->orderBy($column, 'asc')->where($column, "like", "%".request()->q."%");

        if (is_array(request()->filter) && !empty(request()->filter)) {
            foreach(request()->filter as $key => $val)
                    $data = $data->where($key, $val);

        $data      = $data->limit(5)->get();

        return $data;

I just need to call use ModelTrait in every model that I need and call it in the controller like below:

public function selectJson()

    $data = Customer::getSelect2Format("column_name");

    return \Response::json($data);

Is the code above break the best practice? What are the concerns or something that I need to improve?

  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ I'm sorry to inform you that your code is not working as intended. You cannot call a non-static method statically. Well actualy you can, but you will get a fatal error if the method uses $this. Your method uses $this on the very first line of its body. Not working code is off-topic on this site. \$\endgroup\$
    – slepic
    Jun 18, 2020 at 4:35
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ @slepic Sorry, Actually I have not tested it. Now I tested it and it's working, just changed the method type to static and $this to static:: , Hope you can improve more, Thank you. \$\endgroup\$ Jun 18, 2020 at 5:42

1 Answer 1


I have question about scope yesterday, and someone gives an answer to don't return anything in scope. Is return something in scope really bad practice?

  • This is because laravel is handling "it" for you.

  • getSelect2Format is not the best name since you are not handling formatting but apply a specific set of rules relevant to select2 js plugin.

  • I would suggest a repository class or a helper class to handle this task.

  • Your code is messy, very long lines too, which is hard to read! I would suggest following PSR-12.

  • I would suggest using response() or just return $data in controller class methods.

  • I would also suggest early returns in your methods to reduce nesting hence easy reviewing by reviewers.

  • suggest not using ->get() in a method unless you are absolutely certain on what method should do. i.e. you might want to apply a scope to this query later on.

  • I suggest passing request data into the class to make it easier to test. Also, the less your class knows about other parts of the system the better.

  • Dont you have to use DB::raw for $column.' as text'?

class select2Filters
    public static function apply(
        Model $model, 
        array $data, 
        string $column = 'name', 
        int $limit = 5
    ) {
        $filter = Arr::get($data, 'filter');
        return $model::selectRaw(['id', "{$column} as text"])
             ->where($column, 'like', "%{$data['q']}%")
             ->when(is_array($filter), function($query) use ($filter) {
                 $query->where(Arr::only($filter, $model::filterable)); 
             ->orderBy($column, 'asc')

I would also suggest adding an interface to each model that should have support for select2Filters. That interface should inforce filterable variable.

I would personally not use static, that way you can add configuration methods, i.e. setLimit(). OR use data struct class to contain data needed for select2Filters class.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks for your review, I like it. And sorry, my code was written when I write this question(without any ide/editor) so it's not formatted correctly. Usually, I use auto formatted to PSR12 using PhpStrom code formatted. And actually, I just created my own library for this case and also to learn or improve my skill, maybe I will create a question about that library. About PSR12, I have another question which maybe you can help stackoverflow.com/questions/62480588/… \$\endgroup\$ Jun 21, 2020 at 12:17
  • \$\begingroup\$ Hi, I am afraid I have no idea on how to handle formatting in php storm, from what I know you meant to have a config which defines formatting and that configuration can be downloaded from the official psr website \$\endgroup\$ Jun 21, 2020 at 15:02

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