For the given binary tree return the list which has sum of every paths in a tree. i.e Every path from root to leaf.

I've written following solution.

void check()
        List<Integer> out = new ArrayList<>();
        leafsum(root, 0, out);

    void leafsum(TreeNode root, int curr , List<Integer> sum)

        if(root != null)
            leafsum(root.left, curr+root.data, sum);
            if(root.left == null && root.right == null ) sum.add(curr+root.data);
            leafsum(root.right, curr+root.data, sum);


Inorder traversal of Tree

2 4 3 5 1 9 2 5 15

root = new TreeNode(5);
root.left = new TreeNode(4);
root.left.left = new TreeNode(2);
root.left.right = new TreeNode(3);
root.right = new TreeNode(9);
root.right.right = new TreeNode(5);
root.right.left = new TreeNode(1);
root.right.right.left = new TreeNode(2);
root.right.right.right = new TreeNode(15);


[11, 12, 15, 21, 34]

I would like review about improvements and suggestions.



The formatting could be nicer and doesn't follow Java conventions.

  • The indention isn't correct (maybe a copy and paste error).
  • Opening braces belong on the same line as the method header/statement.
  • There are random superfluous spaces (after int curr and root.right == null) and missing spaces around the + operator in curr+root.data
  • There should be a space between keywords and opening brackets (if (...).
  • Braces should always be used around a conditional block, even if it only contains a single statement.
  • There shouldn't be more than a single blank line at a time and there shouldn't any at all inside leafsum in my opinion.


The parameter names could be better:

  • root should be node.
  • There is no need to abbreviate curr. It should be current or maybe even currentSum.
  • The list should have a plural name: sums.

The method itself should also have a plural name such as leafSums.

Early return

In order to minimize indention depth return early out of leafsum instead of putting the complete method body inside the if block:

void leafsum(TreeNode root, int curr, List<Integer> sum) {
    if (root == null) {
    // method body here.


You are repeating the sum curr + root.data three times.

Handling results

I'm not a big fan creating, carrying around and mutating a list for the results, however your way is probably the least convoluted way with Java's standard collection library. Personally I'd do something like:

static List<Integer> leafSums(TreeNode node, int currentSum) {
    if (node == null) {
        return Collections.emptyList();

    int newSum = currentSum + node.data;

    List<Integer> leftSums = leafSums(node.left, newSum);
    List<Integer> rightSums = leafSums(node.right, newSum);

    List<Integer> sums = new ArrayList<>(leftSums);
    if (node.left == null && node.right == null) {

    return sums;

except I'd look for alternative to ArrayList that allows more efficient list concatenation with a nicer API.

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