# Find the Percentage from HackerRank

I am learning python by solving python module from HackerRank. This problem is Find the Percentage.

You have a record of N students. Each record contains the student's name, and their percent marks in Maths, Physics and Chemistry. The marks can be floating values. The user enters some N integer followed by the names and marks for N students. You are required to save the record in a dictionary data type. The user then enters a student's name. Output the average percentage marks obtained by that student, correct to two decimal places.

Sample Input 0

3
Krishna 67 68 69
Arjun 70 98 63
Malika 52 56 60
Malika


Sample Output 0

56.00


I need to improve this code by using better functions available in python.

def percentage(name):
"""
Find percentage of marks of the student
"""

marks = student_marks[name]
total_marks = 0
for mark in marks:
total_marks += mark

return format(total_marks/len(marks), '.2f')

if __name__ == '__main__':
n = int(input())
student_marks = {}
for _ in range(n):
name, *line = input().split()
scores = list(map(float, line))
student_marks[name] = scores
query_name = input()
print(percentage(query_name))

• What do you need to improve about the code and why? Did you write this code? Please clarify.
– Mast
Mar 31, 2020 at 10:02
• Yes, I wrote this and I am beginner in Python. I want to learn about other modules and functions which will help me to solve this problem. Mar 31, 2020 at 10:25
• (To the flagger: What gave rise to flag not implemented or not working as intended?) Apr 1, 2020 at 5:50

For a beginner this is some good code. I would make some additional adjustments.

• One-line docstrings should be on one line, not over 3. And should end with a period.
• You should only pass the marks to percentage and not rely on a global student_marks.
• You can use sum to compute total_marks.
• I'm not a fan of having format in the percentage function.
• You should move all the main code into a main function, if __name__ == '__main__': should really only call this.
• It's more idiomatic to use comprehensions than map, even more so when you have list(map(...)).
• It's pretty rude to call a student a query. You can just use name.
def percentage(marks):
"""Find percentage of marks of the student."""
return sum(marks) / len(marks)

def main():
"""Main code."""
n = int(input())
student_marks = {}
for _ in range(n):
name, *scores = input().split()
student_marks[name] = [float(score) for score in scores]
name = input()
result = percentage(student_marks[name])
print(format(result, '.2f'))

if __name__ == '__main__':
main()

• You can use statistics.mean rather than a custom made percentage.
• You can change the for loop into two comprehensions, a generator and dictionary comprehension.

Note: I don't think comprehensions are better here, but are an 'as good' alternate.

import statistics

def main():
"""Main code."""
_marks = (input().split() for _ in range(int(input())))
student_marks = {
name: [float(score) for score in scores]
for name, *scores in _marks
}
result = statistics.mean(student_marks[input()])
print(format(result, '.2f'))

if __name__ == '__main__':
main()

• You can use statistics.mean during input and have that average the value kept in the dict - as per problem statements, the individual scores are as important as the subjects they have been credited for. Apr 1, 2020 at 7:40