This is the first project I have coded using Python.

Therefore, I am looking for someone to give me some comments to further improve my code.

Purpose of the application

This application help the staff in my organization to import the spreadsheet and store it into the database.


  1. User would need to provide the document location before the application execute.
  2. System will extract the information from spreadsheet and import into the database.

Source Code

Below is my source code.

The link below is the complete source code on Github, https://github.com/WeeHong/0703-Extractor/blob/master/Main.ipynb

# Establish database connection
database = mysql.connector.connect(
    host = 'localhost',
    user = 'root',
    password = '',
    database = 'projects_0703'
# More about cursor: 
# https://dev.mysql.com/doc/connector-python/en/connector-python-api-mysqlcursor.html
mycursor = database.cursor()

# Fetch all companies records from the companies table from database
mycursor.execute('SELECT id, name FROM companies')
companies = mycursor.fetchall()

# Spreadsheet location
# location = ("./Cluster.xlsx")
location = input()

# Open the spreadsheet from the given path based on the sheet index
workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(location)
sheet = workbook.sheet_by_index(3)

# Fetch all the value from the sheet and store into an array
for excel_row in range(2, sheet.nrows):

    # Check respective fields are empty
    # Cell 26 = Techsector
    # Cell 27 = Sub-techsector
    if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 26):
        category = categories[sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 26)]
        category = None
    if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 27):
        subcategory = subcategories[sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 27)]
        subcategory = None

    # Assign ID = 10 if the stage is 0 in spreadsheet
    if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 0) == 0:
        stage = 10
        stage = sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 0)

    # Replace NA into 0 for Manday
    if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 19) == 'NA':
        manday = 0
        manday = sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 19)

    # Check if workbook's company exists in database company
    # Yes, fetch the company ID
    # No, create new company record and fetch the company ID
    if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 1) in companies:
        for company in companies:
            if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 1) == company[0][1]:
                company_id = company[0][0]
        if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 3):
            # Get the industry ID from industries dictionary
            industry_id = industries[sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 3)]
            mycursor.execute('INSERT INTO companies(industry_id, name, category, country, source, created_at, updated_at) VALUES (%s, %s, %s, %s, %s, NOW(), NOW())', (industry_id, sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 1), 'a:1:{i:0;s:6:"Client";}', 'SINGAPORE', '0703',),)
            company_id = mycursor.lastrowid

    # Create new project record
    mycursor.execute('INSERT INTO projects(company_id, source_id, stage_id, service_id, leader_id, category_id, subcategory_id, name, revenue, forecast, quotation, remarks, created_at, updated_at) VALUES (%s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, NOW(), NOW())', (company_id, sources[sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 4)], stage, services[sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 5)], staffs[sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 20)], category, subcategory, sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 2), sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 17), sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 16), sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 18), sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 28)),)
    project_id = mycursor.lastrowid

    # Check the number of project member in charge of the project
    # Create new project member record
    if sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 21):
        members = sheet.cell_value(excel_row, 21).split(',')
        for member in members:
            mycursor.execute('INSERT INTO member_project(member_id, project_id, manday, created_at, updated_at) VALUES (%s, %s, %s, NOW(), NOW())', (staffs[member.strip()], project_id, manday),)

    # Create new project techpartner record
    # Cell 22 = Techpartner 1
    # Cell 23 = Techpartner 2
    # Cell 24 = Techpartner 3
    # Cell 25 = Techpartner 4
    for excel_cell in range(22, 26):
        techpartner = sheet.cell_value(excel_row, excel_cell)
        if techpartner:
            if techpartner in companies:
                for company in companies:
                    if techpartner == company[0][1]:
                        techpartner_id = company[0][0]
                mycursor.execute('INSERT INTO companies(name, category, country, source, created_at, updated_at) VALUES (%s, %s, %s, %s, NOW(), NOW())', (techpartner, 'a:1:{i:0;s:7:\"Partner\";)', 'SINGAPORE', '0703',),)
                techpartner_id = mycursor.lastrowid
            mycursor.execute('INSERT INTO project_techpartners(project_id, techpartner_id, created_at, updated_at) VALUES (%s, %s, NOW(), NOW())', (project_id, techpartner_id),)
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ workbook = xlrd.open_workbook(location) Where is xlrd defined? Please include your imports. \$\endgroup\$
    – Mast
    Aug 27 '19 at 5:01
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Mast I think that this is a reasonable excerpt, given the GitHub link that contains the full code. \$\endgroup\$ Aug 27 '19 at 5:13

The code isn't unreasonable. There are ways to clean it up, though.


Organize your code into sub-routines - perhaps one to load categories from your spreadsheet, one to write information to your database, etc.

Magic numbers

Numbers like 26, 27, 19, etc. should be assigned to constants, to make the code easier to understand.

Ineffectual commit

The last line of your code is a commit after no operation. Perhaps this is just an indentation error and you meant to commit after your execute.

Delete the commit before it in the else. More broadly, you may want to consider reducing the number of commits in your code, maybe even to one at the end. This depends on a number of things, including how you want to deal with errors and whether they effect validity of the data as a whole, as well as performance.

Finally, have a read through https://dev.mysql.com/doc/connector-python/en/connector-python-api-mysqlconnection-autocommit.html . The way you're using commits now, you're better off just turning on autocommit.

Combined inserts

Your insert into member_project is inefficient. You should not insert in a loop. Read https://dev.mysql.com/doc/connector-python/en/connector-python-api-mysqlcursor-executemany.html

Add a prompt to your input()

Otherwise, the user doesn't know why the program has suddenly hung.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Thank you. I will look into it and improve my code. Much appreciated. \$\endgroup\$
    – WeeHong
    Aug 28 '19 at 4:06

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