I'm new to Pandas, and slightly new to Python as well (but not development in general). I've got a chunk of code that works, but it feels like I'm missing out on the Pandas/Python way of doing something, and would love some feedback.

In short, I'm doing calculations over a fixed period of time (say 60 months) where I apply a bunch of different financial calculations to generate various debits and credits. In this example I'm calculating gross incomes. I have models that represent the Incomes, and want to create Dataframes with the corresponding data that I can eventually sum together for final answers.

Full code for experimentation is available at https://repl.it/repls/BlissfulShabbyColdfusion and repeated here:

### Income Models: ###
start_date   end_date     amount   yearly_raise
2019-01-01   2025-01-01   100.0    0.03
2020-01-01   2022-01-01   200.0    0.

### Base DataFrame: ###
2019-01-01           0 
2020-01-01           1 
2021-01-01           2 
2022-01-01           3 
2023-01-01           4 

Then the code is as follows:

import datetime
import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

class Income:
  def __init__(self, start, end, amount, yearly_raise):
    self.start = start
    self.end = end
    self.amount = amount
    self.yearly_raise = yearly_raise

# Two sample income models
incomes = [
  Income(datetime.date(2019, 1, 1), datetime.date(2025, 1, 1), 100, 0.03),
  Income(datetime.date(2020, 1, 1), datetime.date(2022, 1, 1), 200, 0.)

# Create dataframe with index of the next five years
dates = pd.date_range('2019-01-01', periods=5, freq='YS')
df = pd.DataFrame(np.arange(len(dates)), index=dates, columns=['YearOffset'])

def calculate_monthly_income(row):
  """Given a dataframe row, add up all incomes applicable to that row/month"""
  value = 0.
  for income in incomes:
    # Filter on overlapping date ranges first
    if pd.Timestamp(income.start) > row.name or pd.Timestamp(income.end) < row.name:

    value += row['GrossIncome'] + income.amount * (1 + income.yearly_raise) ** row['YearOffset']

  return value

# Initialize a GrossIncome column and do the math
df['GrossIncome'] = 0.
df['GrossIncome'] = df.apply(calculate_monthly_income, axis=1)

And the after, which yields the correct results:

### After Calculations: ###
            YearOffset  GrossIncome
2019-01-01           0   100.000000
2020-01-01           1   303.000000
2021-01-01           2   306.090000
2022-01-01           3   309.272700
2023-01-01           4   112.550881


  • I'm using apply() to iterate through the rows and assigning the result back into the dataframe. This works and beats using a for loop, but seems like there's probably a better way to do this.
  • I'm still using a for ... in to iterate through multiple Incomes
  • The filtering by applicable date range also seems like I should probably be using some built-in Pandas thing like mask, but I'm unsure of where to start looking.

There's a lot here, I know, but if there's some good feedback on the current approach or recommendations for better approaches, I'd love to hear them!

  • 3
    \$\begingroup\$ Welcome to Code Review. There is a lot of context missing in that code, for example incomes, pd and other values. As your repl.it snippet is quite short, I recommend you to include the complete snippet, including the imports. \$\endgroup\$
    – Zeta
    Mar 11, 2019 at 22:59
  • \$\begingroup\$ Thanks for the feedback @Zeta. I went ahead and pulled all the code in from the repl to provide context. \$\endgroup\$
    – Joshua
    Mar 12, 2019 at 2:11
  • \$\begingroup\$ Did you resolve this? \$\endgroup\$
    – run-out
    Mar 16, 2019 at 23:17


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