# Handling periods ('.') in CSV column names with Pandas

I'm reading and processing a fairly large csv using Pandas and Python 3.7. Header names in the CSV have periods in them ('full stops', Britons say). That's a problem when you want to address data cells by column name.

test.csv:

"name","birth.place","not.important"
"John","",""
"Paul","Liverpool","blue"


# -*- coding: utf-8 -*-

import pandas as pd

infile = 'test.csv'
useful_cols = ['name', 'birth.place']
df = pd.read_csv(infile, usecols=useful_cols, encoding='utf-8-sig', engine='python')

# replace '.' by '_'
df.columns = df.columns.str.replace('.', '_')

# we may want to iterate over useful_cols later, so to keep things consistent:
useful_cols = [s.replace('', '') for s in useful_cols]

# now we can do this..
print(df['birth_place'])

# ... and this
for row in df.itertuples():
print(row.birth_place)

# ain't that nice?


It works, but since Pandas is such a powerful library and the use case is quite common, I'm wondering if there isn't an even better way of doing this.

• This looks a bit short on code, how do you use this, as I may recommend this. However if you use it differently, then I wouldn't. – Peilonrayz Jul 19 '18 at 0:24
• @Peilonrayz I chose Pandas over the csv library, because it has all these powerful features that I'm keen to explore. In a world without Pandas, I'd have certainly gone for csv. – RolfBly Jul 19 '18 at 8:05

Did a little digging and found that you can use df._columnid when pandas df.columns runs into an issue with a name (in this example dealing with a ".")
I am sure you already know that you could just do df['birth.place'], since it's inside a string container, however it becomes tricky for row.birth.placeas you mentioned. For that you can do the following:
for row in df.itertuples():

The _2 corresponds to the column id that pandas had issues parsing. It renamed it with an underscore and enumerated id in the column's list. Note that this renaming process only occurs when pandas ran into an issue grabbing the actual column name (i.e. row.name is still row.name, and you cannot use row._1 in-place of it). Hope that helps! Happy pythoning!
• Thanks. I didn't mention what I had already found out: df[birth.place] only works on entire columns, not on cells. getattr(row, 'birth.place') doesn't work because the column is renamed, and row.birth.place errors has no attribute 'birth'`. – RolfBly Jul 19 '18 at 8:15