During a CTF I encountered a dompdf LFI vulnerability, which is explained at exploitdb.

However when I executed that vulnerability it gave it to me in PDF form, and it was a pain to constantly (read, strip, and base64 decode) to read the contents of files. So I made a little bash script to do these things automatically.

I am happy with the result, but I thought there maybe was a way to resolve those double sed into one Regex capture. It works because the [( ... )] is unique in the resulting string.


if [ -z "$1" ] || [ -z "$2" ]; then
    echo "Usage ./read_dompdf [url_to_dompdf] [path/to/file]"; exit
echo `curl --silent $URL` | sed 's/.*\[(//' | sed 's/)\].*//' | base64 -d
  • \$\begingroup\$ I edited your question to add the URL I think you meant to link to originally. If it's wrong, feel free to change it again. \$\endgroup\$ – Daniel Apr 15 '18 at 16:43
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Coal_ I've added the correct link again, seem to have removed it when I removed the clutter from the question. Thnx \$\endgroup\$ – Ludisposed Apr 15 '18 at 16:49

Input validation

I find this an unusual way to validate script parameters:

if [ -z "$1" ] || [ -z "$2" ]; then

It's more common to verify that there are exactly two parameters:

if [ $# != 2 ]; then

Note that this is not exactly the same as the original. The original verifies that neither $1 and $2 is empty, and it silently allows more than 2 parameters.

Why echo a sub-shell?

What is the purpose of this echo:

echo `curl --silent $URL`

Instead of simply:

curl --silent $URL

If the purpose is to join multiple lines into one, I would use tr instead:

curl --silent "$URL" | tr -d '\n'
# or
curl --silent "$URL" | tr '\n' ' '

Writing this way make the intention more clear. Another advantage is streamlined processing. Note also that I added double-quotes around the $URL used as command parameter, as a good rule of thumb to protect from unexpected word splitting and globbing.

One sed to rule them all

Instead of this:

sed 's/.*\[(//' | sed 's/)\].*//'

You can do multiple expressions with a single sed using multiple -e parameters:

sed -e 's/.*\[(//' -e 's/)\].*//'

I use the -e even with single expressions, for maximum clarity.

| improve this answer | |
  • \$\begingroup\$ The echo might be to compress whitespace, or to expand globs... (probably not). \$\endgroup\$ – Toby Speight Apr 11 '18 at 22:00

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