# Haskell tips/why doesnt this scale linearly?

My friend wrote a program which compares random arrangements of die faces to find the one with the most evenly distributed faces - especially when the faces are not a mere sequence.

I translated his program into haskell because I've been looking for a reason to talk someone's ear off about how cool haskell is. However, I am not very proficient with haskell (it took me forever to write this and it has undergone a couple giant refactorings) and so I have two problems.

1. he has been big on optimizing his versions, and this is not very fast, and it does not scale linearly. It goes from 415 checks/s to 97 checks/s when I go from 1000 to 20000 checks. Did I mess up some tail recursion or is it some kind of larger problem?
2. the code that came out of this isn't actually as elegant as I had predicted. I want this to be a solid showcase of Haskell, if you have any ideas on how to simplify it I am all ears

This is the most relevant code:

-- _CENTERS :: [{ x :: Float, y :: Float, z :: Float}]
-- _VALUES :: [Num]

-- Basically just (repeat $map rand [0.._SIDES]), but never using a seed twice randstates from = (take _SIDES (infrand from)) : randstates newseed where infrand seed = seed : infrand (shuffle seed) newseed = (infrand from) !! (_SIDES + 1) -- yates shuffle yates _ (last:[]) = [last] yates (rand:pass) (swap:order) = choice:yates pass rorder where choice = order !! index index = (randfrom rand) mod (length order) rorder = take (index) order ++ swap : drop (index + 1) order arrangements seed = map arrange$ randstates seed
where   arrange rands = yates rands [0.._SIDES - 2]

-- fns comparing arrangements --
arcLength i j = 1 / (1 + _WEIGHT * acos(dot3D / _VEC_LEN_SQUARED))
where   dot3D    = apply x + apply y + apply z
apply fn = (fn i) * (fn j)

matrix arr = map crosscmp arr
where   crosscmp s1  = [ value s1 * (distance s1 s2) | s2  <- arr ]
distance a b = arcLength (_CENTERS !! a) (_CENTERS !! b)
value s      = fromInteger $_VALUES !! s variance arr = sum$ map perside (matrix arr)
where   perside s = (sum s - mean) ^ 2
mean      = (sum (concat $matrix arr)) / (sides + 1) sides = fromInteger$ toInteger _SIDES

maxDistr = maximumBy (\a b -> variance a compare variance b)


Main is basically just

print $maxDistr$ take _TRIALS \$ arrangements seed