I tested creating 1 billion (1,000,000,000) nodes and lookups are fast. You can ask for a node by node_id.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <time.h>

typedef struct node {
    int node_id;
    int data;
    char *name;
    struct node *left;
    struct node *right;
} node;

node *newNode(int data, char *name, int node_id) {
    node *new_node = malloc(sizeof(node));
    new_node->data = data;
    new_node->name = name;
    new_node->node_id = node_id;
    new_node->right = new_node->left = NULL;
    return new_node;

node *insert_node(node *root, int data, int node_id, char *name) {
    if (root == NULL)
        return newNode(data, name, node_id);
    else {
        node *cur;
        if (node_id < root->node_id) {
            cur = insert_node(root->left, data, node_id, name);
            root->left = cur;
        } else if (node_id > root->node_id) {
            cur = insert_node(root->right, data, node_id, name);
            root->right = cur;
    return root;

node *find_node_data(node *root, int node_id) {
    if (root == NULL)
        return NULL;
    else if (root->node_id == node_id)
        return root;
    else if (root->node_id > node_id)
        return find_node_data(root->left, node_id);
        return find_node_data(root->right, node_id);

void print(node *np) {
    if (np) {
        printf("(%d, %d, %s)", np->node_id, np->data, np->name);

int main() {
    int T = 1000000000; //test case 1000000000 nodes
    int data, node_id;
    //printf("Input number of nodes:");
    //scanf("%d", &T);
    node *root = NULL;
    while (T-- > 0) {
        //printf("Input data. %d:", T);
        //scanf("%d %d", &data, &node_id);
        int r = rand() % 1000000000;
        int r2 = rand() % 1000000000;
        root = insert_node(root, r, r2, "Rosencrantz");
    printf("Find data at node:");
    scanf("%d", &T);
    printf("node data %d %s", find_node_data(root, T)->data, find_node_data(root, T)->name);
    return 0;
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ What is your question? \$\endgroup\$ – Olivier Jacot-Descombes Nov 16 '17 at 21:31
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ @OlivierJacot-Descombes At this exchange, there is always an implicit question: "Please review". \$\endgroup\$ – vnp Nov 16 '17 at 23:34
  • node *cur is not necessary. A idiom is

    if (node_id < root->node_id) {
        root->left = insert_node(root->left, data, node_id, name);
  • find_node_data is unnecessarily recursive. The compiler may understand that it is a tail recursion, and optimize it out, but it always better to be explicit:

        while (root) {
            if (root->node_id == node_id) {
            root = root->node_id > node_id? root->left: root->right;
        return root;

    Note the insertion may also be made iterative, although much less elegant.

  • The line

    printf("node data %d %s", find_node_data(root, T)->data, find_node_data(root, T)->name);

    looks really strange. Why do you call find_node_data twice, and why don't you call print, which you are already defined?

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