# 16 bit checksum calculation [closed]

I need to calculate checksum using 16-bit ones' complement addition:

while(byte>0)  //len = Total num of bytes
{
Word = ((Buf[i]<<8) + Buf[i+1]) + Checksum; //get two bytes at a time and  add previous calculated checsum value

Checksum = Word & 0x0FFFF; //Discard the carry if any

Word = (Word>>16);     //Keep the carryout for value exceeding 16 Bit

Checksum = Word + Checksum; //Add the carryout if any

len -= 2; //decrease by 2 for 2 byte boundaries
i += 2;
}

Checksum = (unsigned int)~Checksum;

The above code works fine, and if I understood the concept well (to add 16 bits), add the carry if any and then take the compliment.

Are there any improvements or corrections?

## closed as off-topic by user673679, Edward, Graipher, Toby Speight, Sᴀᴍ OnᴇᴌᴀApr 11 at 15:44

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

• "Lacks concrete context: Code Review requires concrete code from a project, with sufficient context for reviewers to understand how that code is used. Pseudocode, stub code, hypothetical code, obfuscated code, and generic best practices are outside the scope of this site." – user673679, Edward, Graipher, Toby Speight, Sᴀᴍ Onᴇᴌᴀ
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

• What are the types of Word, Checksum and Buf? It looks like Word must be a uint32_t, Checksum a uint16_t and Buf a uint8_t*, buf the information really ought to be included in the question. – Toby Speight Apr 11 at 12:05
• You'd get better reviews if you provided at least a whole, compilable function. – Edward Apr 11 at 13:06

If the packet size is less than 32k words, then you do not need to add the carry until the end:

while(byte>0)  //len = Total num of bytes
{
Checksum = ((Buf[i]<<8) + Buf[i+1]) + Checksum; //get two bytes at a time and  add previous calculated checsum value

len -= 2; //decrease by 2 for 2 byte boundaries
i += 2;
}

Checksum = (Checksum>>16) + Checksum; //Add the carryout

Checksum = (unsigned int)~Checksum;
• Ok I understand why it could be done at the end only, but I didnt understand 32k words thing. – harman Oct 3 '12 at 20:00
• If you have more than 32k 16-bit words, you can overflow a 32 bit integer when you add them up. With fewer than 32k words, you cannot overflow. – Doug Currie Oct 3 '12 at 21:18