For a start:
' Move this to the top. It doesn't affect your code, but it is good practice
' to put statements like these at the top and bottom of your code to make them
' easy to find.
Application.ScreenUpdating = False
' This should be a number type and not a string
Dim endrown As Long
Dim ex As String
Dim ez As String
Dim eh As String
Dim eg As String
Dim el As String
Dim ee As String
Dim es As String
Dim ef As String
Dim ei As String
Dim i As Integer
Dim LastRowColumnA As Long
' Better method of loading in multiple args, this will allow you to get
' all of your args in one go, and thus will speed up performance a bit.
' Practicing this early will also make it easier to develop more complex
' projects in the future.
Dim arrArgs as Variant
' Create objects to hold the main workbook and worksheet you reference
' This allows for accurate range references.
Dim wb as Workbook, Dim ws as Worksheet
' Thisworkbook refers to the workbook containing the code.
Set wb = ThisWorkbook
Set ws = wb.Sheets("looping")
' Create a variable to hold the usedrange.
Dim rUsed as Range
' Qualified your cells reference with 'ws' to ensure the proper range is set
LastRowColumnA = ws.Cells(ws.Rows.Count, 1).End(xlUp).Row
ws.Activate ' Use Activate over select, but it is best to avoid either
endrown = ws.Range("I1000").End(xlUp).Row
For i = 3 To endrown
' When referring to the same object repeatedly, use a with block
' This does a few things, first it allows your code to skip evaluation
' of your 'ActiveSheet' reference since it is already told where to look.
' It also makes your code easier to read, cleaner, and more efficient.
ee = .Cells(i, 9).Value ' Be sure to qualify your cells references
ex = .Cells(i, 10).Value
ez = .Cells(i, 11).Value
es = .Cells(i, 12).Value
ef = .Cells(i, 13).Value
ei = .Cells(i, 14).Value
eh = .Cells(i, 15).Value
eg = .Cells(i, 16).Value ' I am assuming you intended to get the value here
el = .Cells(i, 17).Value
' Instead of referring to the different ranges you could do something like
' arrArgs = ws.Cells(i, 9).Resize(8, 1).Value
' Using a declared variable is good practice, and may improve performance slightly
Set rUsed = ws.UsedRange
.AutoFilter Field:=1, Criteria1:=ee
.AutoFilter Field:=2, Criteria1:=ex
.AutoFilter Field:=3, Criteria1:=ez
.AutoFilter Field:=4, Criteria1:=es
.AutoFilter Field:=5, Criteria1:=ef
.AutoFilter Field:=6, Criteria1:=ei
.AutoFilter Field:=7, Criteria1:=eh
On Error Resume Next
.Range("H2:H" & LastRowColumnA).SpecialCells(xlCellTypeVisible).Value = eg
.Range("I2:I" & LastRowColumnA).SpecialCells(xlCellTypeVisible).Value = el
This won't make a tremendous impact on performance, but it will make your code easier to work with. I also strongly encourage you to use the array instead of creating a separate string for each value you need to filter by. Again, not a big performance impact, but a good start on improving your coding.
Finally, depending on what your code is attempting to do you could try performing the operations in an array. You may also want to consider changing the calculation mode of the worksheet to xlCalculationManual (or something like that).