# Basic calculator program in Python

I was writing a basic calculator program to practice my skills at python. I'm a beginner at Python and was wondering if there is a way to simplify this code of mine? It seems a little bit too long and messy in some sort of way. Again, I'm still a beginner so I don't know all the tricks in the book!

import math
import time

return x + y

def subtract(x,y):
return x - y

def divide(x,y):
return x / y

def multiply(x,y):
return x * y

def sqrt(x):
if math.sqrt(x) * math.sqrt(x):
return False
else:
return math.sqrt(x)

def power(x,y):
return math.pow(x,y)

def repeat():
print('Would you like to perform another calculation? y/n')
rep = input('')
if rep.lower() == 'y':
time.sleep(0.5)
main()
elif rep.lower() == 'n':
print('Goodbye!')
time.sleep(1)
exit()
else:
time.sleep(1)
repeat()

def numCheck(x):
try:
int(x)
except ValueError:
print('')
time.sleep(1)
main()

def choiceCheck(y, z):
for x in y:
if x == z:
return True
break
else:
pass

def main():
choices = ['1', '2', '3', '4']
print('2. Subtract')
print('3. Divide')
print('4. Multiply')
print('5. Square Root')
print('6. Exponent')
print('1/2/3/4/5/6')
choice = input('')
if choice == '5':
print('Please choose the number you would like to square root.')
rt = input('')
numCheck(rt)
rt = int(rt)
rts = sqrt(rt)
if rts == False:
print('%d is an irrational number.' % (rt))
else:
print('The square root of %d is %d' % (rt, rts))
repeat()
elif choice == '6':
print('Choose the number you would like to raise to a power: ')
base = input('')
numCheck(base)
base = int(base)
print('')
print('Now please choose the indice: ')
ind = input('')
numCheck(ind)
ind = int(ind)
time.sleep(1)
print('%d to the power of %d is %d' % (base, ind, power(base,ind)))
repeat()
elif choiceCheck(choices, choice) != True:
print('')
time.sleep(1)
main()
numCheck(a)
a = int(a)
print('')
numCheck(b)
b = int(b)
if choice == '1':
print('%d + %d = %d' % (a, b, add(a,b)))
elif choice == '2':
print('%d - %d = %d' % (a, b, subtract(a,b)))
elif choice == '3':
print('%r / %r = %r' % (a, b, divide(a,b)))
elif choice == '4':
print('%d * %d = %d' % (a, b, multiply(a,b)))
else:
print('')
time.sleep(1)
main()
repeat()

main()


All help is appreciated!

• I don't get if math.sqrt(x) * math.sqrt(x): return False. What is it for? Sep 29 '16 at 21:36
• should probably be if x<0 return False. And there's a lot of useless recursion on main. Sep 29 '16 at 21:45

You shouldn't format the square root as %d, since the result is rarely an integer.
There are several recommendations that I could make about organizing this code, but the single most important point is that functions should not be treated as goto labels. If you need a loop, then write a loop using while or for. Don't have main call main(). Don't have repeat call main(). Don't have repeat call repeat(). Otherwise, you end up with spaghetti code.