I need a NumPy matrix with comparisons among all elements in a sequence:

from numpy import matrix
seq = [0, 1, 2, 3]
matrix([[cmp(a, b) for a in seq] for b in seq])

I'd like to know if there is a better way to do this.


1 Answer 1


Why are you using matrix rather than array? I recommend sticking with array

As for a better way:

seq = numpy.array([0, 1, 2, 3])
numpy.clip(seq[:,None] - seq, -1, 1)
  1. seq[:, None], moves the numbers into the second dimension of the array
  2. seq[:, None] - seq broadcasts the numbers against each other, and subtracts them.
  3. numpy.clip converts lower/higher values into 1 and -1

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