I have created a ViewModel for a Product Edit page because it has specific related entities I need to load - the class currently looks like this:

public class ProductEditView
    public ProductEditView(Product product)
        this.ID = product.ID;
        this.Code = product.Code;
        this.ProductLanguage = product.ProductLanguages.Where(x => x.LanguageID == Global.Language).FirstOrDefault();
        this.PrimaProduct = product.PrimaProduct;
        this.Multimedias = product.Multimedias;

    public int ID { get; set; }
    public string Code { get; set; }
    public ProductLanguage ProductLanguage { get; set; }
    public PrimaProduct PrimaProduct { get; set; }
    public IEnumerable<Multimedia> Multimedias { get; set; }


So then in my controller I can go:

public ActionResult Edit(int? id)
    if (id == null) return new HttpStatusCodeResult(HttpStatusCode.BadRequest);

    Product product = db.Products.Find(id);
    if (product == null) return HttpNotFound();

    ProductEditView productEditView = new ProductEditView(product);
    return View(productEditView);

I've not really seen anybody do it like this though, is it bad practice - and for what reason? What are the better alternatives to accomplish this if this is wrong?


Its a very tight coupling between HTTP and your domain. However I do not like classic layered architecture. I often utilizes CQS for my service API's

Your example would look like

public class GetProductQueryHandler: IQueryHandler<GetProductQuery, Product>
   private readonly DbContext db;

   public GetProductQueryHandler(DbContext db) {
      this.db = db;
   public async Task<Product> Handle(GetProductQuerycommand query) {
      if (!query.Id.HasValue) throw new ArgumentExpection("Id is required"); //Not accepting null for a Nullable is a bit strange

      var product = await db.Products.FindAsync(id);
      if (product == null) throw new NotFoundExcpetion("Product");

      return product;

You can then translate the errors into HTTP codes using a Exception filter, here is an example from my current project

    public class ExceptionFilter : ExceptionFilterAttribute 
        public override void OnException(HttpActionExecutedContext actionExecutedContext)

            var message = "Server error";
            var details = "Please contact support if the problem persists";

            var code = HttpStatusCode.InternalServerError;

            if(actionExecutedContext.Exception is ArgumentException)
                code = HttpStatusCode.BadRequest;
                message = "Bad Arguments";
                details = actionExecutedContext.Exception.Message;

    details =   string.Format("{0}: {1}", actionExecutedContext.Exception.Message, actionExecutedContext.Exception.StackTrace);

            var response = new
                Message = message,
                Details = details

            actionExecutedContext.Response = actionExecutedContext.Request.CreateResponse(code, response);

The way you're doing it at the moment is fine, though it creates a bond between Product and ProductEditView.

I'd consider your constructor more like an helper method than a necessity, considering all the properties are public get/set (which is very good in the case of a view).

You just need to consider if ProductEditView could ever be built from information that wouldn't arrive from a Product. Now, I've typed this sentence and realized it makes no sense :p

Your way is fine.

Instead of .Where(x => x.LanguageID == Global.Language).FirstOrDefault(); you should use .FirstOrDefault(x => x.LanguageID == Global.Language) which has the same behavior but it's clearer! :)

Also, in a case like this : ProductEditView productEditView = new ProductEditView(product); Consider using var instead of ProductEditView, it shortens the code and it is okay to use var in such a case because you can see what is the type of productEditView just by looking at the code.


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