# Bash script to capture error message and change exit status

I'm working with the Perforce command line client. I want to check for the case when a user tries to unshelve an unsubmitted changelist that has a valid changelist number, but has no shelved files. In this case the p4 unshelve command will still have an exit status of 0, but it will print an error message to stderr.

I'm fairly inexperienced with bash scripts, but I did run my code through shellcheck.net to find any obvious errors.

In a lot of places I think this script could be more concise or robust, but I don't know exactly what I should be changing.

Any help is greatly appreciated.

#!/bin/bash

p4 unshelve -f -s "$1" &> tmp_file # capture the exit status of the call to p4 unshelve if [$? -eq 0 ]
then
flag0=0
else
flag0=1
fi

std_err_output="$(cat tmp_file)" error_message="No such file(s)." # even if the exit status is 0, still check that the error message was not thrown. if [ "$std_err_output" = "$error_message" ] then flag1=1 else flag1=0 fi rm tmp_file exit_status="expr$flag0 | $flag1" exit "$($exit_status)"  • Welcome to Code Review! I hoep you get some helpful answers. Oct 12 '15 at 21:26 ## 2 Answers Pretty nice job for someone new to bash. I have a couple of tips though. Instead of this: # capture the exit status of the call to p4 unshelve if [$? -eq 0 ]
then
flag0=0
else
flag0=1
fi


You can write simply:

flag0=$?  It's not exactly the same, because the error code might not be 1, but we can make it work with this lazy way too, see below. Similar to earlier, instead of this: if [ "$std_err_output" = "$error_message" ] then flag1=1 else flag1=0 fi  You can do simpler: [ "$std_err_output" = "$error_message" ] flag1=$?


exit_status="expr $flag0 |$flag1"

exit "$($exit_status)"


You can benefit from the fact that the exit code of the script will be the exit code of the last command. So you can simply write:

[ $flag0 = 0 ] && [$flag1 = 0 ]


Lastly, I suggest to move the rm tmp_file higher, to get it done as soon as you no longer need that file. No need to keep it around any longer than necessary.

Temporary files are mostly frowned upon. They cause all kinds of race conditions and security holes. In your case, you don't really need it since you may capture output directly into the variable:

    std_err_output=$(p4 unshelve -f -s "$1"  2>&1 )