I thought I would give this months community challenge a try. This is my first time using Python. It does take quite a while to run and it's not very colourful but it works.

from PIL import Image, ImageDraw

img = Image.new("RGB", (2400, 2400), "white")
draw = ImageDraw.Draw(img)

max_count = 200
width = img.size[0]
height = img.size[1]

for row in range(height):
    for col in range(width):
        str_output = ""
        c = complex(
            (col - float(width)/2.0)*5.0/float(width),
            (row - float(height)/2.0)*5.0/float(height)
        iteration = 0
        z = 0
        while abs(z) < 2 and iteration < max_count:
            z = z**2 + c
            iteration += 1
        if abs(z) < 2:
            draw.point((col, row), fill="black")
            draw.point((col, row), fill=(255 - iteration,255 - iteration,255 - iteration))


black and white mandelbrot set

  • \$\begingroup\$ What version of Python are you using? \$\endgroup\$ – SuperBiasedMan Oct 13 '15 at 11:00
  • \$\begingroup\$ @SuperBiasedMan 3.whatever_the_latest_release_is \$\endgroup\$ – James Fenwick Oct 13 '15 at 11:01
  • \$\begingroup\$ @JamesFenwick That would be 3.5 \$\endgroup\$ – Justin Oct 14 '15 at 18:19

Your constants should be in UPPER_SNAKE_CASE

WIDTH = img.size[0]
HEIGHT = img.size[1]

Instead of nested for loops, you can use itertools.product which basically will perform the nested iteration you need:

from itertools import product

for row, col in product(range(height), range(width))

You don't use str_output, you should clean up unused values.

You should have whitespace either side of your mathematical operators and have a space after each comma in a comma separated list of values:

(col - float(width) / 2.0) * 5.0 / float(width),
draw.point((col, row), fill=(255 - iteration, 255 - iteration, 255 - iteration))

You should also keep lines below 79 characters as the Python style guide dictates. You can split lines quite easily when they're in paretheses:

    draw.point((col, row), fill=(255 - iteration, 255 - iteration,
                                 255 - iteration))

Also your mileage may vary on whether or not this is more readable but you could use a ternary for your final if condition. Like this:

    draw.point((col, row), fill=("black" if abs(z) < 2 else 
                                 (255 - iteration, 255 - iteration,
                                  255 - iteration))

The formatting is definitely more awkward, but I personally like these structures because it makes it clear that the only difference in the two results is that one condition.

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  • This feels a bit backwards to me

    img = Image.new("RGB", (2400, 2400), "white")
    width = img.size[0]
    height = img.size[1]

    compared to this

    WIDTH = 2400
    HEIGHT = 2400
    img = Image.new("RGB", (WIDTH, HEIGHT), "white")
  • You can eliminate all the float calls because you are using Python 3 where true division is the default.

  • for loops are generally preferred over while loops. A possible way to arrange the inner loop is this:

    z = 0
    for iteration in range(MAX_COUNT):
        z = z**2 + c
        if abs(z) >= 2:
            fill = (255 - iteration, 255 - iteration, 255 - iteration)
    draw.point((col, row), fill=fill)
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