Given a text, this program will output a Brainfuck program, that when executed will print the text back.

Writing Brainfuck in this style to print a sentence is pretty straightforward. Iterate over the sentence and do the following per character:

  • Calculate the difference between the current character and the previous
  • Write either as many + or - as the difference between characters. + if current character is higher than previous character, - if lower than previous character
  • Write . to print current character

Hello, World!


The code

def brainturing_printer_generator(text)
  ords = text.chars.map(&:ord)
  ("+" * ords.first + ".\n") + ords
    .take(ords.size - 1)
    .map {|prev, curr| (curr > prev ? "+" : "-") * (curr - prev).abs}
    .join(".\n") + ".\n"

print brainturing_printer_generator("Hello, World!")
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ If you don't feel like swearing, the idiomatic terms are either "Brain****" or simply "BF." \$\endgroup\$
    – porglezomp
    Commented Sep 6, 2015 at 2:07

1 Answer 1


It's neat, though I feel like there's a bit too much array manipulation going on.

Your friend for this, I'd argue, is the each_cons method, short for "each consecutive". Then you don't need the zip, though you do need to pad the beginning of the array.

Here's my take:

def brainturing_printer_generator(text)
  ords = [0] + text.chars.map(&:ord)
  ords.each_cons(2).map do |previous, current|
    delta = current - previous
    line = (delta < 0 ? "-" : "+") * delta.abs
  • \$\begingroup\$ each_cons is surely a simplification over my original code, I always miss some built-in Ruby goodness :) \$\endgroup\$
    – Caridorc
    Commented Sep 6, 2015 at 12:50
  • 2
    \$\begingroup\$ @Caridorc Yeah, in many reviews I've told people to read the docs for Array and Enumerable as much as they can stand :) There's so much good stuff, and it took me a while to learn that as well. Also you get a sixth sense that tells you "there must be a built-in way to do X" and a lot of the time you're right. It's almost always a good idea to just skim the list of methods, even if you've already got a solution in your head \$\endgroup\$
    – Flambino
    Commented Sep 6, 2015 at 13:54
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ You miss the last . \$\endgroup\$
    – Nakilon
    Commented Sep 7, 2015 at 13:04
  • \$\begingroup\$ @Nakilon Damn, you're right. I'll fix it, thanks \$\endgroup\$
    – Flambino
    Commented Sep 7, 2015 at 13:05

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