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In JUnit 3, I cannot tell JUnit what type of exception is expected. In JUnit 4, the declaration @Test(expected=NullPointerException.class) does it.

But, unfortunately in Android development, I can use only JUnit 3. So I wrote this simple method:

public class TestingUtils {

    public static void assertExpectedException(
                           Class<? extends Exception> exceptionClass, Runnable runnable) {
        try {
            throw new AssertionFailedError(
                         "Expected exception: <" + exceptionClass.getName() + ">");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            if (!exceptionClass.equals(e.getClass())) {
                throw new AssertionFailedError(
                        "Expected exception: <" + exceptionClass.getName() + "> " +
                        "but was: <" + e.getClass().getName() + ">"


public void testConstructorThrowsExceptionIfArgumentIsNull() {
    TestingUtils.assertExpectedException(IllegalArgumentException.class, new Runnable() {
        public void run() {
            new SomeTestedClass(null);
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The message for the case if it is was not thrown should be clearer, including something like "Expected exception X, but was not thrown". –  Bobby Feb 7 at 10:12
@Bobby thank you :) –  leonideveloper Feb 7 at 10:25
FYI, I have done something similar in JDOM and I use it like this. –  rolfl Feb 7 at 11:23
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1 Answer

up vote 5 down vote accepted

I have been though this loop before. I chose to do things in a slightly different way to you, in that instead of creating a Runnable, I instead add a try/catch block to the actual test.

Each system has pros/cons, but the differences are really cosmetic. Using a Runnable does make the JUnit logic better contained in the utility code.... but makes calling the utility test code a little bit more complicated. I am not sure which one I prefer.

I have a suggestion regarding this line here:

if (!exceptionClass.equals(e.getClass())) { ....

It is useful to be able to expect a super-type of an exception. For example, you want to trap an SQLException when you run a query, or you want to trap an IOException when you do something on a Stream..... you have the code:

TestingUtils.assertExpectedException(SQLException.class, ....);

but, the actual exception may be com.ibm.db2.jdbc.xxx.PicnicException, which is a subclass of SQLException.

Using equals() to match the exceptions is a problem.... you should use:

if (!exceptionClass.isInstance(e)) {....

One other thing, which is android specific.....

I found a bug in the Android Dalvik implementation/SDK relating to this problem... you should be setting the 'cause' for your AssertionError so that it is logged correctly. Unfortunately, the bug (which is fixed in Jelly-Bean) makes this impossible.

If you are sure you will be testing on Jelly-Bean or newer (the bug was fixed a while ago), you should also be initializing the cause on your AssertionError:

            AssertionFailedError tothrow = new AssertionFailedError(
                    "Expected exception: <" + exceptionClass.getName() + "> " +
                    "but was: <" + e.getClass().getName() + ">"
            throw tothrow;
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