# Convert Roman number to decimal

Could someone please point our the error(s) in the given code. It was down voted on StackOverflow without any explanation, but it seems to be working fine for me:

``````int value(char roman)
{
switch(roman)
{
case 'I':return 1;
case 'V':return 5;
case 'X':return 10;
case 'L':return 50;
case 'C':return 100;
case 'D':return 500;
case 'M':return 1000;
}
}

int getdec(const string& input)
{
int sum=0; char prev='%';
for(int i=(input.length()-1); i>=0; i--)
{
if(value(input[i])<sum && (input[i]!=prev))
{       sum -= value(input[i]);
prev = input[i];
}
else
{
sum += value(input[i]);
prev = input[i];
}
}
return sum;
}
``````

This was the output received from the code:

I = 1 II = 2 III = 3 IV = 4 V = 5 VI = 6 VII = 7 VIII = 8 IX = 9 X = 10 XI = 11 XII = 12 XIII = 13 XIV = 14 XV = 15 XVI = 16 XVII = 17 XVIII = 18 XIX = 19 XX = 20 XXI = 21 XXII = 22 XXIII = 23 XXIV = 24 XXV = 25 XXVI = 26 XXVII = 27 XXVIII = 28 XXIX = 29 XXX = 30 XXXI = 31 XXXII = 32 XXXIII = 33 XXXIV = 34 XXXV = 35 XXXVI = 36 XXXVII = 37 XXXVIII = 38 XXXIX = 39 XL = 40 MMMMCMXCIX = 4999 CM = 900 XC = 90

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ROman Numaral converter in 855 chars :-) codegolf.stackexchange.com/questions/797/… – Loki Astari Feb 19 at 2:57

There is a G++ compile warning (`g++ -Wall`):

``````roman.cpp: In function ‘int value(char)’:
roman.cpp:18:1: warning: control reaches end of non-void function [-Wreturn-type]
``````

It should handle invalid inputs too. (Furthermore, it returns 9 for `IIIIIIIII`.)

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 Thanks. So validation checks are needed but otherwise the logic is correct? – user1071840 Feb 19 at 0:25 @user1071840: To be honest, I don't know. I've checked it with 5-10 different Roman numerals and it worked fine but I don't know too much about the Roman numerals-decimal numbers conversion algorithms. – palacsint Feb 19 at 0:41 Thank you for the help. – user1071840 Feb 19 at 1:32

If you have only valid Roman numbers you could use a simpler algorithms. (i.e IIV is invalid )

• The symbols "I", "X", "C", and "M" can be repeated three times in succession, but no more. (They may appear more than three times if they appear non-sequentially, such as XXXIX.) "V", "L", and "D" can never be repeated. A common exception to this is the use of IIII on clocks; see below.
• "I" can be subtracted from "V" and "X" only. "X" can be subtracted from "L" and "C" only. "C" can be subtracted from "D" and "M" only. "V", "L", and "D" can never be subtracted
• Only one small-value symbol may be subtracted from any large-value symbol.

Just (string-)replace IV by IIII, IX by VIIII and so on. Afterwards you just have to sum the numbers from left to right.

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I think IIX would break your code...

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