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I think this is the simplest way to slugify urls. You have any contra-indication?

function url_clean($str){
        $str = iconv('utf-8', 'us-ascii//TRANSLIT', $str);
        $clean_str = preg_replace(array('/\'|\"/','/ /'),array('','-'),$str);
        return $clean_str;
}
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3 Answers 3

up vote 0 down vote accepted

An alternative, simpler way to code your solution is to use the strtr function which "translates characters". Also I made sure to escape the special characters in the regex.

function url_clean($str) {
    $accent = array(' űáéúőóüöíŰÁÉÚŐÓÜÖÍ');
    $clean  = array('-uaeuoouoiUAEUOOUOI');
    $str = strtr($str, $accent, $clean);
    return preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9\-\.]/', '', $str);
}
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thank you, this is what i searching for –  eaposztrof Feb 22 '13 at 22:45

There are two issues with your otherwise elegant approach:

  1. iconv silently cuts the string if a disallowed UTF-8 character is present. The solution would be to add //IGNORE to the iconv() call but 1/ a bug in glibc seems to prevent this 2/ PHP developers don't seem to want to implement a work-around. An option is to remove invalid characters yourself:

    ini_set('mbstring.substitute_character', "none"); 
    $text= mb_convert_encoding($text, 'UTF-8', 'UTF-8'); 
    
  2. You're not removing all characters that are present in ASCII but disallowed in a URL: see this StackOverflow answer.

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Thank you, finally this is my solution:

function url_clean($str) {
    $accent = array(' ','ű','á','é','ú','ő','ó','ü','ö','í','Ű','Á','É','Ú','Ő','Ó','Ü','Ö','Í');
    $clean = array('-','u','a','e','u','o','o','u','o','i','U','A','E','U','O','O','U','O','I');
    $str = str_replace($accent, $clean, $str);
    return preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9-.]/', '', $str);
}
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